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Sasser S7L2b

Life Science

TermDefinition
Prokaryotic Cells Do not have genetic material or structures surrounded by membranes Few internal structures One-celled organisms such as Bacteria
Eukaryotic Cells Genetic material is in a structure enclosed by its own membrane Contain organelles surrounded by membranes Most living organisms
Nucleus Control Center of the Cell; controls the functions within the cell and contains the genetic material
Chromosomes Physical structures in a cell that contain the cell’s genetic material which provides instructions for the cell’s functions
Cell Membrane semi-permeable membrane that forms the boundary of the cell and controls what comes in and goes out of the cell
Cell Wall Provides additional structure and support for cells
Chloroplast found in cells that contain chlorophyll and uses light energy to make food for the cell
Cytoplasm Gel-like substance that nutrients move through in the cell and also acts as a shock absorber
Mitochondria Breaks down material and releases energy into the cell Powerhouse
Endoplasmic Reticulum Helps move substances within cells Network of interconnected membranes
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Ribosomes attached to surface Manufacture proteins Not all ribosomes attached to rough ER May modify proteins from ribosomes
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum No attached ribosomes Has enzymes that help build molecules Carbohydrates Lipids
Golgi Apparatus Involved in synthesis of plant cell wall Packaging & shipping station of cell
Lysosomes clean up waste products like lysol
Vacuoles Membrane bound storage sacs More common in plants than animals Contents: Water Food wastes
Created by: bsasser