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T#6 Metabolism

This stack includes both terms/defs AND "target practice" with images.

rate a comparison of two quantities that shows what happens to one when the other increases or decreases
slope the 'steepness' of a line on a line graph…the steeper the slope the faster the rate of change
energy the ability to do work (doesn't take up space and doesn't have mass)
chain molecule a group of simple molecules chemically bonded together
simple molecule a group of atoms chemically bonded together
atom the smallest piece of an element
chemical bond connection that holds atoms together to form molecules
chemical reaction when atoms or molecules are rearranged and new substances are produced and energy is released or stored in the process
reactants name for substances at the beginning of a chemical reaction (before they react)
products name for substances at the end of a chemical reaction (after they have reacted)
arrow the "yields" sign in a chemical equation...points to what new substances will be made in the reaction
triangle the "delta" sign in a chemical equation…means "change in" whatever is being talked about
metabolism all the chemical reactions that take place inside a living organism
anabolism part of metabolism that involves using simpler molecules to build more complex molecules (and store energy in the process)
catabolism part of metabolism that involves breaking more complex molecules down in to simpler molecules (and release energy in the process)
photosynthesis chemical reaction that takes place in the chloroplasts of producers to produce sugars as a food source
respiration chemical reaction that takes place in the mitochondria of both consumers and producers which releases the energy trapped in sugars
biological molecules the four basic building blocks of living things: carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids
carbohydrate biological molecule that is the main chemical used to release energy in mitochondria
lipid biological molecule that is used to make cell membranes and for storage of chemical energy
protein biological molecule that is used to build cell parts and to do jobs for the cell
nucleic acid biological molecule that stores the codes for how to make and run the cell
chemical indicator a liquid that changes color or appearance when mixed with certain substances
Created by: wholt