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T#5 Inv & Exp

This stack includes both terms/defs AND "target practice" with images.

scientific method organized process of asking questions and solving problems
investigation finding answers to a question using scientific observations and measurements made to describe and understand something
experiment a test to answer a scientific question in a measurable way; usually an experiment tries to figure out a cause-and-effect relationship among different variables
lab report a written record of how an experiment was done and what was learned
hypothesis a prediction (based on background knowledge) to answer the question in an experiment
manipulated variable part of an experiment you change on purpose (in a measurable way) also called the "independent" variable
responding variable part of an experiment that changes (in a measurable way) because of the manipulated variable…also called the “dependent” variable
controlled variable(s) part(s) of an experiment that are kept the same
control group(s) the set-up(s) in an experiment that are kept constant (no manipulated variable)
experimental group(s) the set-up(s) in an experiment that are changed (manipulated variable only)
procedure numbered instructions that tell exactly what was done in an experiment (may include diagrams)
data / results measurable data or descriptive observations collected in an experiment
analysis written summary of the data/results from an experiment
conclusion answer to the question in a lab, it tells whether or not the hypothesis was correct
table a neat display of words or numbers organized in columns and rows
graph a visual display of numeric information or data showing the relationship between two or more variables; for example: line graph, pie chart, bar chart, scatter plot, etc.
defining variables part of a lab report where all the variables in the experiment are classified and described
rate another name for a ratio; a comparison of two measurements that are related to each other in a regular an predictable way
proportion when two ratios are equal to each other
cause & effect Cause and effect is a relationship between events or things, where one is the result of the other or others. This is a combination of action and reaction.
Created by: wholt



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