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1.2E Nucleic acids

TermDefinition
adenosine triphosphate ATP high-energy molecules used by the cell to synthesize macromolecules, such as carbohydrates and proteins
complementary base pairing the formation of weak hydrogen bonds between nitrogen-containing bases; T always pairs with A, C with G
cytosine nitrogenous base in RNA and DNA. bonds with guanine
deoxyribonucleic acid DNA twister ladder codes for the order in which amino acids join to form a protein; sugars and phosphates form a linear sugar-phosphate-sugar backbone, and the bases project from the sides of the backbone. adenine A + T thymine guanine G + C cytosine
double helix twisted ladder structure of DNA
guanine nitrogenous base in RNA and DNA. bonds with cytosine
ribonucleic acid RNA conveys DNA's instructions for the amino acid sequence in a protein
nitrogenous base an alkaline containing nitrogen A adenine, G guanine, C cytosine, T thymine
nucleic acids DNA and RNA, both polymers of nucleotides
nucleotide ATP 3 parts: phosphate group, pentose sugar (ribose), nitrogen-containing base
phosphate
thymine (T) nitrogenous base in DNA. bonds with adenine
uracil (U) nitrogenous base in RNA. bonds with adenine
Created by: gwynneth