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Clinic Lecture 1-A

Root Assessment

What is the objective of root scaling? produce a root that is clean, smooth, and hard, making it more acceptable to connective tissue reattachment.
Maxillary Incisors (Central and Lateral Incisors) Single-rooted, moderate to deep proximal, vertical root concavitites. Boulbous crowns creating mesial and distal concavities at the CEJ. Lingual root are more tapered than facial aspect.
Maxillary Canines Single-rooted, proximal root concavities, Distal prominence of crown is at CEJ, Root is long and narrow and lingual aspect is tapered.
Maxillary First Premolar Double rooted with a mesial concavity and is usually bifurcated at the apical third
Maxilary Second Premolar Single rooted with a mesial concavity that isn't as pronounced with the first premolar.
Maxillary First Molar Triple rooted, lingual mesiofacial and distofacial, lingual root is the longest and may have a vertiical depression on the palatal surface. Mesial facial and distal facial root have curvatures that gives them a look of pliers.
Maxillary First Molar (Important Note for Test) Mesial furcation is easily reached form the lingual aspect.
Maxillary Second Molar Triple rooted, roots are more parallel that the first molar, may show partial fusion and furcation crotch is narrower than the first molar.
Mandibular Incisors (Central and Lateral Incisors) Root us straight and converging gradually at the apex. Proximal grooves may be deep giving a double root appearance
Mandibular Canines Conical in shape, slight mesial inclination, May be bifurcated, pronounced proximal concavity may give it a double rooted appearance.
Mandibular First Premolar Facial aspect is more conical in shape
Mandibular Second Premolar single rooted, roots are shorter and more blunt than maxillary premolars
Mandibular First Molars Double rooted, mesial and distal root, distal root is more narrower than the mesial.
Mandibular Second Molars Double rooted and are closer than those of the first molar, mesial root is not as broad as the first molar, furcation is not as wide as the first molar
What are common difficult to scale areas? CEJ, Concavities, furcations, tooth contours at line angles
Created by: daisenmurray