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2015 BIO FINAL

HUMAN GENETICS

TermDefinition
AUTOSOMES any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
SEX CHROMOSOME a chromosome involved with determining the sex of an organism, typically one of two kinds; GAMETE AND SPERM
PEDIGREE the record of descent of an animal, showing it to be purebred, the background or history of a person or thing, especially as conferring distinction or quality, a genealogical table
POLYGENIC-MULTIPLE GENES a group of non-allelic genes that together influence a phenotypic trait
MULTIPLE ALLELES an allele of a genetic locus having more than two allelic forms within a population
TAY SACHS AUTOSOMAL RECESSIVE, FAT BUILDUP IN THE BRAIN, NO TREATMENT, JEWS
SICKLE CELL ANEMIA AUTOSOMAL/CODOMINANCE, BLOOD CELLS SICKLE, CURE:HOSPITALIZATION AND OXYGEN, CARRIERS IMMUNE TO MILARIA
CYSTIC FIBROSIS MUCAS BUILDUP IN CHEST, CURE:DRUMMING ON BACK
PKU RECESSIVE, PARENTS HETEROZYGOTES, CURE:LOW PHENYLALANINE DIET UNTIL BRAINS MATURE
HUNTINGTON CHOREA AUTOSOMAL DOM, NO TREATMENT, INVOLANTARY TWITCHING
HEMOPHILIA ABILITY OF BLOOD TO CLOT IS REDUCED, CAUSED BY HEREDITARY LACK OF A COAGULATION FACTOR
LETHAL GENES SOME GENES ARE DEADLY WHEN HOMOZYGOUS (HOMOZYGOUS DOM DWARFS-DIE)
BLOOD TYPING ABO A-AA/Ai; B-BB/Bi; O-ii
NONDISJUNCTION the failure of one or more pairs of homologous chromosomes or sister chromatids to separate normally during nuclear division, usually resulting in an abnormal distribution of chromosomes in the daughter nuclei
Created by: jchase1117