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Ecology

All BS

TermDefinition
Ecology the branch of biology that deals with the relations of organisms to one another and to their physical surroundings
Trade Off a balance achieved between two desirable but incompatible features; a compromise
Deforestation is the permanent destruction of forests in order to make the land available for other uses
Reforestation is the natural or intentional restocking of existing forests and woodlands that have been depleted, usually through deforestation.
Fossil Fuels are fuels formed by natural processes such as anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms.
Global Warming term for the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects
Producer An autotrophic organism that serves as a source of food for other organisms in a food chain
Host An organism that is infected with or is fed upon by a parasitic or pathogenic organism (for example, a virus, nematode, fungus
Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change. Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat or light
Abiotic non-living chemical and physical parts of the environment that affect living organisms and the functioning of ecosystems
Biotic The biotic factors in an environment include the organisms themselves as well as such items as predation, competition for food resources, and symbiotic relationships.
Scavengers an animal that feeds on carrion, dead plant material, or refuse
Population that deals with the dynamics of species populations and how these populations interact with the environment
Parasite an organism that lives in or on another organism (its host) and benefits by deriving nutrients at the host's expense
Renewable Resources Any resource, such as wood or solar energy, that can or will be replenished naturally in the course of time.
Non-Renewable Resources are resources for which there is a limited supply
Autotrophs "producer", is an organism that produces complex organic compounds from simple substances present in its surroundings, generally using energy from light or inorganic chemical reactions.
Heterotrophs that cannot manufacture its own food and instead obtains its food and energy by taking in organic substances, usually plant or animal matter
Evaporation The changing of a liquid into a gas, often under the influence of heat (as in the boiling of water).
Precipitation the fall of water, ice, or snow deposited on the surface of the Earth from the atmosphere
Industrialization The process in which a society or country (or world) transforms itself from a primarily agricultural society into one based on the manufacturing of goods and services.
Created by: Edward_jrd