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Pig Dissection

Review of organ function

thyroid gland in the neck that secretes hormones regulating growth and development through the rate of metabolism (process of breaking down food).
thymus glands that filter bacteria and foreign particles from lymph fluid
trachea the "wind pipe" (allows you to breathe)
esophagus a muscular tube connecting the throat with the stomach
stomach breaks down food but only does a limited amount of nutrient absorption
small intestine the portion of the digestive tract that connects the stomach and the large intestine
large intestine the portion of the digestive tract that connects the small intestine and the rectum/anal region
kidney filter the blood by removing nitrogenous wastes. It also controls the body's fluid balance and regulates electrolytes
testes the site of sperm and male sex hormone production
penis a structure that transports both waste (urine) and reproductive cells (sperm) to the outside of the body
urethra tube connecting the bladder to the opening where urine is expelled
uterus The female reproductive structure where embryos develop
ovary Organ which produces eggs
anus area where feces is eliminated from the body
rectum storage area for feces
cerebrum the front area of the brain which consists of two hemispheres. It is responsible for the integration of complex sensory and neural functions.
cerebellum the part of the brain at the back of the skull in vertebrates. Its function is to coordinate and regulate muscular activity
brain stem the part of the brain that continues downward to form the spinal cord.
liver organ that purifies blood, stores sugars and produces bile
spleen organ involved in the production and removal of blood cells. it also works as part of the immune system.
bladder A saclike structure that stores urine until it can be passed out of the body through the urethra
vagina the muscular tube leading from the uterus to the outside of the female body
larynx the muscular organ that holds the vocal cords; the voice box
heart a hollow muscular organ that pumps the blood through the circulatory system
gallbladder an organ in which bile is stored. The bile is then released into the intestine.
ureter duct by which urine passes from the kidney to the bladder
pancreas a large gland that secretes digestive enzymes and regulates blood sugar
diaphragm a dome-shaped muscle that separates the lungs from the abdomen. It plays a major role in breathing.
Created by: ruth.baker