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Biology final

QuestionAnswer
In what structure are proteins made? ribosomes
the first step of gene expression, in which a particular segment of DNA is copied into RNA Transcription
genetic code carried by mRNA is decoded to produce the specific sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain. Translation
a sequence of three DNA or RNA nucleotides that corresponds with a specific amino acid or stop signal during protein synthesis. Codons
the process by which humans breed other animals and plants for particular traits. Selective Breeding
an organ or bone that appears in different animals Homologous Structures
an animal that feeds on meat Carnivores
an animal or person that eats food of both plant and animal origin. Omnivores
an animal that feeds on plants. Herbivores
a group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals capable of exchanging genes or interbreeding. Species
the regions of the surface, atmosphere and hydrophere of the earth Biosphere
a large naturally occurring community of flora and fauna occupying a major habitat Biomes
the preying of one animal on others Predation
measurement of population per unit area or unit volume Population density
maximun amount of living things that a region can support Carrying capacity
predominant importance in restricting the size of a population Limiting factor
variety of life in the world biodiversity
experimental technique that uses genes to treat or prevent disease. gene therapy
what charge does dna have negative
interaction between two different organisms living in close physical association, typically to the advantage of both. symbiosis
observed process of change in the species structure of an ecological community over time. succesion
species which are the first to colonize previously disrupted or damaged ecosystems pioneer species
depth of the water in a lake or ocean that is exposed photic zone
involves the statistical study of human populations demographics
growth whose rate becomes ever more rapid in proportion to the growing total number or size exponential growth
Created by: mannie18