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Food-borne Pathogens

TermDefinition
Foodborne Illness An infection or irritation of the gastrointestinal tract caused by food or beverages that contain harmful bacteria, parasites, viruses, or chemicals.
At Risk Foods Foods that are at risk of being contaminated by harmful contaminants.
Bacteria Microscopic living organisms, usually one-celled, that can be found everywhere.
Hepatitis A A highly contagious liver infection.
Clostridium Perfringens A spore-forming gram-positive bacterium that is found in many environmental sources as well as in the intestines of humans and animals.
Staphylococcus Aureus Is caused by a strain of staph bacteria that's become resistant to the antibiotics commonly used to treat ordinary staph infections.
Clean Morally uncontaminated
Listeria Monocytogenes Is a serious infection usually caused by eating food contaminated with the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes
Pathogen A bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that can cause disease.
High Risk Foods Are foods that "may contain pathogenic microorganisms and will normally support formation of toxins or growth of pathogenic microorganisms.
Parasites an organism that lives in or on another organism and benefits by deriving nutrients at the host's expense.
Virus An infective agent that typically consists of a nucleic acid molecule in a protein coat, is too small to be seen by light microscopy, and is able to multiply only within the living cells of a host.
Norwalk Virus A virus that can cause epidemics of severe gastroenteritis.
Salmonella A bacterium that occurs mainly in the intestine, especially a serotype causing food poisoning.
Vibriocholerae The agent of cholera, a devastating and sometimes lethal disease with profuse watery diarrhea.
Sanitize Conditions relating to public health such as staying clean and sterile.
Immunocompromised Having an impaired immune system.
Medium Risk Foods Having a medium risk of having contamination in foods such as uncooked foods for example.
Fungi Any of a diverse group of eukaryotic single-celled or multinucleate organisms that live by decomposing and absorbing the organic material in which they grow
Trichinella Spiralis Is a nematode parasite, occurring in rodents, pigs, horse, bears and humans, and is responsible for the disease trichinosis.
Clostridium Botulinum A highly potent neurotoxin and the cause of the disease botulism.
Shigella A bacterium that is an intestinal pathogen of humans and other primates, some kinds of which cause dysentery.
Personal Hygeine Is one of the most effective ways to protect ourselves, and others, from illness.
Campylobacter Jejuni A bacterium that typically infects the bowels. Now the leading cause of bacterial food poisoning
Created by: Clyrskai