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Pharmacology

Final Exam #2

QuestionAnswer
The most common severe adverse effect of acetaminophen consumptions is Liver damager
Which of the following is most useful to treat fever: Acetaminophen
Combining a narcotic agonist and antagonist in a medication such a Talwin would: Reduced it's potential for abuse if injected rather than taken orally.
Which drug is used in the treatment of a narcotic overdose? Naloxone (Narcan)
Which of the following is not a common pharmacologic effect of opioids? Diarrhea
Which of the following is considered the weakest opioid? Codeine
When a person is taking antibiotic and non-targeted microbes overgrow (such as Claustridium difficile causing colitis in a patient taking clindamycin), this phenomenon is known as Superinfection
A bacteriostatic agent kills bacteria irreversibly. False
Dairy products are most likely to inhibit the action of: Tetracycline
Which of the following is not true regarding gout? is treated with azithromycin
What condition does a patient likely have when they are taking isoniazid, pyrazinamide, and rifampin as a combination therapy for a full year? Tuberculosis
Your 6 year old child has a fever of 100.2 degrees F sublingually and is complaining of a sore throat. Which of the following is true? Aspirin should not be given to reduce fever due to the possibility of Reye's Syndrome
Which of the following is true regarding effects of acetaminophen? Least likely of all analgesics to cause GI irritiation
Your 58 year old pt. presents to the clinic with a history of an artificial (prosthetic) heart valve. The pt. has indicated on his medical Hx. that he DOES NOT have any drug allergies. Given the pt. history which is the best antibiotic regimen? Amoxil 500 mg. X 4 for a total of 2 grams one hour prior to dental appointment.
Which is the most commonly associated with stomach irritation in therapeutic does? Erythromycin
Aspirin, when given in therapeutic doses? Reduced Fever and Reduced Inflammation
The most common adverse reaction to ibuprofen is: GI Irritation
Which of the following is most useful as a blood thinner (anticoagulant)? Aspirin
Which antibiotic has as its mechanism of action the insertion of a beta lactam ring in the bacterial cell wall which weakens the cell wall Penicillin V.K.
Cox 2 inhibitors Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory, Peripherally acting
Aspirin Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory, Peripherally acting
Morphine Analgesic, Anti-peristaltic, Centrally acting, Somniferous, Addictive, Respiratory depressive
Ibuprofen Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory, Peripherally acting
Oxycodone Analgesic, Anti-peristaltic, Centrally acting, Somniferous, Addictive, Respiratory depressive
T-F Consumption of alcoholic beverages is contraindicated when a patient is taking Flagyl (metronidazole) True
Most non-opioid analgesics work by inhibiting the synthesis of? Prostaglandins
Amoxicillin Antibiotic, Can cause colitis because of effect on GI bacteria, Can render birth control medication ineffective because of effects on hormone production by GI bacteria
Azithromycin Antibiotic, Once a day dosage convince,Can render birth control medication ineffective because of effects on hormone production by GI bacteria
Clindamycin Antibiotic, Can cause colitis because of effect on GI bacteria, Can render birth control medication ineffective because of effects on hormone production by GI bacteria
Cephalexin Antibiotic, Can cause colitis because of effect on GI bacteria, Can render birth control medication ineffective because of effects on hormone production by GI bacteria
Tetracycline Antibiotic, Can cause colitis because of effect on GI bacteria, Can render birth control medication ineffective because of effects on hormone production by GI bacteria
Which of the following drugs is most likely to cause drowsiness? Merperidine
The most effective treatment for chronic periodontal disease is Frequent SRP cleanings.
T-F Methadone is only prescribed as maintenance treatment for heroin addicts? False
In the case of oral infection, indicate which type of the below organisms will usually appear as the first colonizer in the infection? Aerobic Organisms
In the case of an acute dental infection which is localized to the tooth and where the pt. reports no allergies or other adverse effects with antibiotics, the antibiotic which is usually selected first is.... Why did you select this medication? Amoxicillin Most common antibiotic prescribed in dentistry
Your pt. has a dental infection, and has been self medicating he complains that his ears have been ringing for several days, and when local anesthetic is administered he bleeds profusely. Aspirin
Select the most appropriate medication to treat the affliction Herpes Labialis Valacyclovir
Which drug is used in treatment of oral candidiasis (thrush)? Clotrimazole
Created by: daisenmurray