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Bacteria Kingdoms

TermDefinition
Autotrophic Organisms that can make their own food using the sun's energy or chemicals in the environment, to survive. Also called 'producer'
Heterotrophic Organisms that can not make their own food and so have to eat other organisms to survive. Also called- 'consumers'
Bacteria One celled organisms that have no nucleus-(prokaryotic)-
binary fission one cell divides into two identical cells- also called asexual reproduction
conjugation a form of sexual reproduction where one bacterial cell transfers some genetic material into another bacterial cell. This produces a new unique organism.
decomposer break down dead plants and animals, returning minerals back to the soil.
producers Organisms that can make their own food using the sun' energy or chemicals in the environment, to survive.- Also called 'autotrophic'
consumer Organisms that can not make their own food and so have to eat other organisms to survive. Also called 'heterotrophic'
saprophyte Organism that gets energy from decomposing dead organisms.
bacilli rod shaped bacteria
cocci round or spherical shaped bacteria
spirilla spiral shaped bacteria
helpfull bacteria nitrogen fixing bacteria, make food products like cheese, yogurt, sour cream or buttermilk, help digest food in our bodies, digest oil spills, digest sewage, use for genetic engineering, make vitamins, make oxygen for our environment
harmful bacteria cause disease such as anthrax, cholera, tuberculosis, bubonic plague, diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, pneumonia, strep throat, dysentery, botulism
respiration process of breaking down food to release energy used by the organism to survive.
endospore a protective coat that forms around the bacteria's genetic material when the environment conditions are not good for survival. This endospore can survive for many years through terrible conditions.
parasite when an organism lives on or in another organism and harms it.
symbiotic relationship where two organisms live on or in another organism and it benefits both.
Alexander Fleming Discovered penicillium- an antibiotic- which can kill bacteria. Penicillium is made from a fungi (mold).
host an organism that provides a home or a source of energy for another organism to live.
bacteriophage a virus that infects a bacteria.
vaccine a substance introduced into the body to stimulate the production of your immune system cells. This will prevent the disease if you are then infected by the bacteria or virus.
antibiotic kills bacteria or stops it from reproducing.
Created by: bdepalo