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Stock Market Terms

Some commonly used terms used in the stock market

Stock Market A general term used to describe all transactions involving the buying and selling of stock shares issued by a company.
Stock A share of ownership in the assets and earnings of a business.
Stock Certificate The piece of paper a shareholder receives representing their ownership of a stock.
Portfolio Diversification An individual who has a variety of investments tools to decrease risk.
Rate of Return The increase or decrease in the original purchase price of an investment.
Common Stock Shares or units of ownership in a public corporation. The shareholder has voting rights in the corporation.
Stock Split Shares owned by existing stockholders are divided into a larger number of shares.
Dividends Distributions of earnings paid to stockholders.
Preferred Stock Shares which pay fixed dividends and have precedence over common stock.
Market Price The amount a willing buyer will pay a willing seller for a stock.
Speculative Stock A very high risk stock from a company with potential for substantial earnings in the future.
Blue Chip Stock Stock from nationally recognized companies which dominate the industry often having annual revenue of $1 billion or more.
Book Value Net worth of a company.
Earnings Per Share How much income a company has available to pay in dividends and reinvest as retained earnings on a per share basis.
Price/earning Ratio Relationship between the price of one share of stock and the annual earnings of the company.
Stock Ticker Symbol A stock's abbreviated trading symbol name.
Dividends per Share Total cash paid to common stockholders per share.
High Selling Price Highest selling price of one share of stock from the previous day.
Low Selling Price Lowest selling price of one share of stock from the previous day.
Close The price of the last share sold for the day.
Dow Jones Industrial Oldest indicator of the ups and downs of the stock market. Lists the 30 leading industrial blue chip stocks.
Standard and Poor’s 500 Index Tracks the stock market activity for 500 stocks.
NASDAQ Monitors fast moving technology and financial services stocks. Usually the companies are smaller and transactions occur over an electronic market.
Bear Market The market is doing poorly and investors are not confident in the economy. Investors are not purchasing stocks and are selling what is already owned.
Bull Market The market is doing well and investors are optimistic about the economy and purchasing stocks.
Broker A person who is licensed to buy and sell stocks and provides investment advice and collects a commission on each purchase or sale.
New York Stock Exchange The oldest and largest exchange with the strictest company standards.
American Stock Exchange The second largest exchange with less stringent requirements allowing for younger smaller companies to be listed.
Regional Stock Exchange Stocks traded to investors who are living in a specific geographical area.
Created by: sbrownfisherman