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GENETICS

genetic homework game

TermDefinition
Heredity The passing on of physical or mental characteristics genetically from one generation to another.
Genetics The study of heredity and the variation of inherited characteristics.
Allele One of two or more alternative forms of a gene that arise by mutation and are found at the same place on a chromosome.
Gene A linear sequence of nucleotides along a segment of DNA that provides the coded instructions for synthesis of RNA, which, when translated into protein, leads to the expression of hereditary character.
Trait A genetically determined characteristic or condition.
Dominant The dominant form of a gene that overpowers the counterpart, or recessive, form located on the other of a pair of chromosomes.
Recessive The form of a gene that is not expressed as a trait in an individual unless two such genes are inherited, one from each parent.
Genotype The genetic makeup of an organism or group of organisms with reference to a single trait, set of traits, or an entire complex of traits.
Phenotype The appearance of an organism resulting from the interaction of the genotype and the environment.
Homozygous Having identical pairs of genes for any given pair of hereditary characteristics.
Heterozygous Having dissimilar pairs of genes for any hereditary characteristic.
Monohybrid Cross A genetic cross made to examine the distribution of one specific set of alleles in the resulting offspring.
Created by: cameronj32