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Genetics

Chapter 10

TermDefinition
Genetics Study of Heredity
Fertilization Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female reproductive cells join to form a new cell.
Trait specific characteristics of an individual
True-Breeding (Pure) Same as Homozygous
Hybrid Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
Segregation separation of alleles during gamete formation
Gametes sex cell
Homozygous Having two identical alleles for a particular gene
Heterozygous Having two different alleles for a particular gene
Phenotype Physical characters of an organism
Genotype genetic makeup of an organism
Dominant Gene that shows up
Recessive Gene that is hidden
Allele One of a number of different forms of a gene
Incomplete Dominance Situation in which one allele is not completely dominant over another allele
Codominance Situation on which the phenotype produced by both allele are completely expressed.
Punnett Square Diagram that can be used to predict the genotype and phenotype combinations of a genetic cross.
Multiple Allele Trait Gene that has more than 2 alleles
Polygenic Trait Trait controlled by two or more genes
Sex-linked Trait Trait located on a sex chromosome
Carrier Have the gene but you don't have the disease (like Mrs Elliott carries color blind genes but she isn't colorblind)
Autosome Chromosomes that is not a sex chromosome also called autosomal chromosomes.
Created by: Nator45