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Genetics

Ch 10 Biology

TermDefinition
Genetics Scientific study of heredy
Fertilization Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female reproductive cells join t independentlyo form a new cell
Trait Specific characteristic for an individual
True Breeding(Pure) Same homorozygous
Hybrid Same as heteroygous
Segreation Separation of alleles during gamete formation
Independent Assortment One if Mendel's principles that states genes for different traits can segregate independently during the formation of gametes
Gametes Sex cells
Homozygous Having two identical alleles for particular gene
Heterozygous Having two different alleles for a particular gene
Phenotype Physical characteristics of and organism
Genotype Genetic makeup of an organism
Dominate The gene that shows up
Recissive An allele whose phenotype can only be seen when there are two copies of it.
Allele One of a number of different forms of a gene
Incomplete Dominance Situation in which one allele is not completely dominant over another over another allele
Codominance Situation in which the phenotype produced by both alleles are completely expressed
Punnett Square Diagram that can be used to predict the phenotype and phenotype combinations of genetics cross
Multiple Allele Trait A gene that has more than two alleles
Polygenic Trait Trait controlled by two or more genes
Sex-linked Trait Gene located on a sex chromosome
Carrier You have the gene but you don't have the diease
Autosome Chromosome that is not a sex chromosome; also called autosomal chromosome
Created by: kmcculloch23