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Protein Synthesis

10th Grade Biology - Protein Synthesis

QuestionAnswer
What structures are found in both DNA and RNA? phosphate groups, guanine, & cytosine
What is the job of transfer RNA? carries an amino acid to its correct codon
What happens during the process of translation? the cell uses information from mRNA to produce proteins
RNA contains the sugar______? ribose
Unlike DNA, RNA contains______? uracil
During transcription, where is mRNA molecule formed? inside the nucleus
During translation, the type of amino acid that is added to the growing polypeptide depends on the ____? codon on the mRNA & the anticodon on the tRNA to which the amino acid is attached
RNA differs from DNA in that RNA has? contains the nitrogen base uracil
Genes contain instructions for assembling? proteins
Which type of RNA functions as a blueprint of the genetic code? mRNA
Why is it possible for an amino acid to be specified by more than one kind of codon? there are 64 different kinds of codons but only 20 amino acids
Which base is not found in RNA? thymine
What is produced during transcription? RNA molecules
Transcription, which is a stage of gene expression, is the process by which genetic information encoded in DNA is transferred to a(n)________molecule? RNA
In RNA molecules, adenine is complementary to _______? Uracil
At the very beginning of translation, the first tRNA molecule binds to ____? the mRNA’s start codon
Each nucleotide triplet in the mRNA that specifies a particular amino acid is called a(n)___? Codon
How many bases are needed to specify three amino acids? 9
During transcription, the genetic information for making a protein is “rewritten” as a molecule of____? mRNA
What happens during transcription? The genetic information for making a protein is “rewritten” as a molecule of mRNA
What happens during Translation? The cell uses information from the mRNA to produce proteins
Created by: tonilynne1