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Sexual Reproduction

Biotech 2

TermDefinition
Progency testing test of the value for selective breeding of an individual's genotype .
Donor cows cows that have been selected to hold the embryo of another cow until birth .
Sperm a cell that is produced by the male sexual organs and that combines with the female's egg in reproduction .
Extenders a substance added to a product such as paint, ink, or glue, to dilute its color or increase its bulk .
Estrous cycle he recurring reproductive cycle in many female mammals, including estrus, ovulation, and changes in the uterine lining .
Straws a hollow, plastic tube used for the storage of frozen semen .
Artificial vagina a device for collecting semen for artificial insemination .
Follicle stimulating hormone a hormone produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland that stimulates the growth of the ovum-containing follicles in the ovary and activates sperm-forming cells —abbreviation FSH .
Luteinizing hormone a hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland that in the female stimulates ovulation and the development of corpora lutea and in the male the development of interstitial tissue in the testis .
Sire the male parent of an animal, especially a stallion or bull kept for breeding .
Motility ability to move spontaneously and actively, consuming energy in the process .
Artificial insemination the injection of semen into the vagina or uterus other than by sexual intercourse .
Embryo transfer step in the process of assisted reproduction in which embryos are placed into the uterus of a female with the intent to establish a pregnancy .
Quarantine a state, period, or place of isolation in which people or animals that have arrived from elsewhere or been exposed to infectious or contagious disease are placed .
Hormones a regulatory substance produced in an organism and transported in tissue fluids such as blood or sap to stimulate specific cells or tissues into action. a synthetic substance with an effect similar to that of an animal or plant hormone. a person's sex h
Superovulation ovulation marked by the production of more than the normal number of mature eggs at one time .
Dam a barrier constructed to hold back water and raise its level, the resulting reservoir being used in the generation of electricity or as a water supply .
Corpus luteum a hormone-secreting structure that develops in an ovary after an ovum has been discharged but degenerates after a few days unless pregnancy has begun .
Follicle a small secretory cavity, sac, or gland, in particular .
Semen the male reproductive fluid, containing spermatozoa in suspension .
Sperm sexing The separation of mammalian sperm into those bearing an X chromosome and those bearing a Y chromosome .
Protectant a substance that provides protection, e.g., against disease or ultraviolet radiation .
Ejaculation the action of ejecting semen from the body .
Gonadotropin releasing hormone a trophic peptide hormone responsible for the release of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) from the anterior pituitary .
Recipient cows cows that receive .
Flow cytometer aser-based, biophysical technology employed in cell counting, cell sorting, biomarker detection and protein engineering, by suspending cells in a stream of fluid and passing them by an electronic detection apparatus .
Conception the action of conceiving a child or of a child being conceived .
Created by: llop2428