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Energy Transfer

QuestionAnswer
What is the best definition of energy? The capacity to do work
True or False Energy cannot be created or destroyed. True
Potential or Kinetic A bowling ball placed on the top shelf of a closet. Potential
Entropy means that _______. The quantity of usable energy declines with each energy transformation.
Every time energy is converted from one form to another, energy ________. increases
Molecules of food have a special form of potential energy called _____. chemical energy
Energy is conserved. This means that in any system, total energy input equals total energy output. True or False. True
Kinetic energy is energy in motion. Potential energy is _____ energy. Stored
In cellular respiration, most energy is released and transferred to ATP when _____. high-energy electrons "fall" to lower energy levels
What type of reaction breaks the bonds that join the phosphate groups in an ATP molecule? hydrolysis
The molecule most directly involved in energy transfer within cells is _____. ATP
Which are materials found in a molecule of ATP? an organic molecule called adenosine plus three phosphate groups
ATP drives work in cells by __________. transferring its phosphate group to other cell molecules
True or False A single muscle cell needs only about one minute to recycle all of its ATP. True
Glycolysis is the multi-step breakdown of _____. Several different _____ play a role in this process. glucose, enzymes
Unlike the Citric Acid cycle and electron transport, glycolysis occurs _____. in the cytoplasm or cytosol
What is/are the most important output(s) of glycolysis? two pyruvic acid and two NADH molecules
Which part(s) of cellular respiration require(s) oxygen gas? citric acid cycle & electron transport chain
Cellular respiration requires fuel (glucose) and oxygen gas. The main process that produces these inputs is _____. photosynthesis
Created by: msgreen