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Quiz 5: Genes~

Quiz 5: How Genes Work (Chapter 8 in review)!

What is the structure of a nucleotide? The structure of a nucelotide consists of sugar and one of four bases: Cytosine (C), Thymine (T), Adenine (A), Guanine (G) and a phosphate.
What is the structure of a molecule of DNA? A Double Helix. (DNA) a double strand with 2 complementary bases~
Where is DNA found in the cell? What does the cell make from the instructions in DNA? DNA is found within the nucleus of the cell and the cell makes mRNA
How is DNA copied? When in the cell cycle does the cell make copies of DNA? DNA is copied by making a replica in smaller DNA regions through a biological process. It makes copies when the cell is about to split/divide.
What are the complementary base pairs in DNA? Adenine, Cytosine,Thymine, Guanine
What are the three types of RNA? Which type of RNA carries instructions from DNA to the ribosome? mRNA,rRNA,tRNA are the three types. the RNA that carries instructions is mRNA
What do tRNA molecules use their anticodons for? They use their anticodons for to recognize other codons and identify them.
Describe the relationships among the following terms: mRNA, tRNA, ribosome
What is a codon? Three bases on an mRNA molecule that code for a specific amino acid.
What is the start codon? AUG is the start codon or aka: MET
What is the stop codon UGA UAG UAA
Created by: teruodaka