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Protein Synthesis

General Biology DNA- RNA- Protein

QuestionAnswer
Where is DNA found within the cell? the nucleus
Can DNA ever leave the nucleus? no
What is transcription? when DNA gives a copy of its code to mRNA
What does mRNA stand for? messanger RNA
What are the 4 bases of DNA? Adenine, Cytosine, Guanine, Thymine
What are the 4 bases of RNA? Adenine, Cytosine, Guanine, Uracil
in DNA adenine will always bond with.... thymine
in RNA adenine will always bond with... uracil
in both DNA and RNA cytosine will always bond with... guanine
what type of RNA carries amino acids? tRNA
what RNA do you have to read to know which amino acid will be carried to the ribosome? mRNA
what are the 3 building blocks of DNA? sugar, phosphate, nitrogen bases(ATCG)
what does DNA stand for? deoxyribonucleic acid
what is the shape of DNA? double helix
who discovered the shape of DNA? Franklin, Watson, and Crick
is RNA double stranded or single stranded? single stranded
is DNA double stranded or single stranded? Double stranded
what is translation? when mRNA codes for amino acids
what do amino acids build protein
what organelle helps build proteins? the ribosome
what is a codon? 3 mRNA letters
what is an anticodon? 3 tRNA letters
what mRNA strand is complementary to this DNA strand: ATGCA UACGU
what tRNA strand is complementary to this mRNA strand: GATCA CUAGU
Created by: ruth.baker