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Mammalogy

Laboratory Diversity

QuestionAnswer
Virginia Opossum Classification Infraclass: Metatheria Order: Didelphimorphia Family: Didelphidae Didelphis virginiana
Virginia Opossum Range Lower Peninsula, Western U.P.
Virginia Opossum Identification Skull: Lots of teeth, curved mandible near the front, large Sagittarial crest Soft Tissue: U.P. are stubby tailed from the cold
Arctic Shrew Classification Infraclass: Eutheria Order: Soricomorphia Family: Soricidae Sorex arcticus
Arctic Shrew Range U.P. Only
Arctic Shrew Identification Skull: Red Tip Teeth, no zygomatic arch Soft Tissue: Small (1-2 inches), grey belly, brown on top, long tail
Masked Shrew Classification Infraclass: Eutheria Order: Soricomorphia Family: Soricidae Sorex cinereus
Masked Shrew Range Statewide
Masked Shrew Identification Soft Tissue: Long tail, very small, muzzle like nose, white-ish belly
Short-tailed Shrew Classification Infraclass: Eutheria Order: Soricomorphia Family: Soricidae Blarina brevicauda
Short-tailed Shrew Range Statewide
Short-tailed Shrew Indentification Soft tissues: Biggest of the shrews, rounded nose, long and slender short tail, silver grey color
Hairy-tailed Mole Classification Infraclass: Eutheria Order: Soricomorphia Family: Talpidae Parascalops breweri
Hairy-tailed Mole Range Not in Michigan, but Ontario eastward
Hairy-tailed Mole Indentificaton Soft Tissue: Big, chunky front claws, small head, dark in color
Star-nose Mole Classification Infraclass: Eutheria Order: Soricomorphia Family: Talpidae Condylura crystata
Star-nose Mole Range Statewide
Star-nose Mole Identification Soft Tissues: Large, rotated front claws and a star nose
Eastern Mole Classification Infraclass: Eutheria Order: Soricomorphia Family: Talpidae Scalopus aquaticus
Eastern Mole Range Lower Peninsula
Eastern Mole Indentification Soft Tissue: Huge front claws, curly hair, slender nose Skull: Zygomatic arch, white teeth
Little Brown Bat Classification Infraclass: Eutheria Order: Chiroptera Family: Vespertilionidae Myotis lucifugus
Little Brown Bat Range Statewide
Little Brown Bat Identification Bones: Ulna is less than 40 mm
Red Bat Classification Infraclass: Eutheria Order: Chiroptera Family: Vespertilionidae Lasiurus borealis
Red Bat Range Statewide
Red Bat Indentification Soft Tissue: Red frosted fur
Big Brown Bat Classification Infraclass: Eutheria Order: Chiroptera Family: Vespertilionidae Eptesicus fuscus
Big Brown Bat Range Statewide
Big Brown Bat Identification Soft Tissue: Large body, red-brown fur Bone: Ulna is bigger than 40 mm
Raccoon Classification Order: Carnivora Family: Procyonidae Procyon lotor
Raccoon Range Statewide
Raccoon Identification Skull: Mini-bear skull, dome shape cranium, 2 upper molars, 6 cheek teeth
American Marten Classification Order: Carnivora Family: Mustelidae Martes americana
American Marten Range U.P. Only
American Marten Identification Skull: Large auditory bulla, 5 upper cheek teeth Soft Tissue: Smaller than 95 mm, Brown, light brown on bottom, yellow throat
Fisher Classification Order: Carnivora Family: Mustelidae Martes pennanti
Fisher Range U.P. Only
Fisher Identification Skull: Large saggitus crest in males, longer than 95 mm, 5 upper cheek teeth Soft Tissue: Cat-like claws, All brown
Ermine Classification Order: Carnivora Family: Mustelidae Mustela erminea
Ermine Range All but extreme Lower Peninsula
Ermine Identification Soft Tissue: Tail shorter than 40% of body but a lot of black on tail Skull: 4 upper cheek teeth
Long-tailed Weasel Classification Order: Carnivora Family: Mustelidae Mustela frenata
Long-tailed Weasel Range Statewide
Long-tailed Weasel Identification Skull: Pointed postorbital process, inflated auditory bullae, 4 upper cheek teeth Soft Tissue: Tail is greater than 40% of body, Not much black tip
Least Weasel Classification Order: Carnivora Family: Mustelidae Mustela nivalis
Least Weasel Range Most of Lower Peninsula, South West Upper Peninsula
Least Weasel Identification Soft Tissue: No black tip on tail. Very small
Mink Classification Order: Carnivora Family: Mustelidae Neovison vison
Mink Range Statewide
Mink Identification Skull: Flattened bulla, Flat skull, larger than weasels, 4 upper cheek teeth Skin: Brown, larger than weasels but smaller than martens
Badger Classification Order: Carnivora Family: Mustelidae Taxidea taxus
Badger Range Statewide
Badger Identification Skull: Triangular molars, triangular skull Skin: Big claws
River Otter Classification Order: Carnivora Family: Mustelidea Lontra canadensis
River Otter Range All but thumb and far south
River Otter Identification Skull: Short rostrum, bad teeth, 36 teeth, 5 upper cheek teeth
Wolverine Classification Order: Carnivora Family:Mustelidea Gulo gulo
Wolverine Range Not Present in Michigan
Wolverine Identification Skull: The last molar is wider than it is long, Huge and sturdy, also bear like
Striped Skunk Classification Order: Carnivora Family: Mephitidae Mephitis mephitis
Striped Skunk Range Statewide
Striped Skunk Identification Pallet ends even with molars
Bobcat Classification Order: Carnivora Family: Felidae Lynx rufus
Bobcat Range All but the thumb and far South
Bobcat Identification Skull: One opening between the foramen magnum with two holes in it Skin: Small ear tufts and feet. Black on the top of the tail only.
Lynx Classification Order: Carnivora Family: Felidae Felix canadensis
Lynx Range Possibly isolated spots in the U.P.
Lynx Identification Skull: Two holes near the foramen. Skin: Huge, snow feet. Black tail tip all around.
House Cat Classification Order: Carnivora Family: Felidae Felis catus
House Cat Range Everywhere
House Cat Identification Skull: Very small skull
Coyote Classification Order: Carnivora Family: Canidae Canis latrans
Coyote Range Statewide
Coyote Identification Skull: Delicate and palate ends before last molars and the sag crest is prominent and not separated.
Grey Wolf Classification Order: Carnivora Family: Canidae Canis lupus
Grey Wolf Range Upper Peninsula only
Grey Wolf Identification Skull: Huge and heavy. Wide premolars. Palate ends ends at last molar
Dog Classification Order: Carnivora Family: Canidae Canis familiaris
Dog Range Everywhere
Dog Identification Skull: Huge variety. Large slope to muzzle.
Red Fox Classification Order: Carnivora Family: Canidae Vulpes vulpes
Red Fox Range Statewide
Red Fox Identification Skull: Narrow rostrum, V-temporal ridge Skin: Red fur
Gray Fox Classification Order: Carnivora Family: Canidae Urocyon cinereoargenteus
Gray Fox Range Statewide
Gray Fox Identification Skull: U-shaped temporal crest Skin: dark fur
Black Bear Classification Order: Carnivora Family: Ursidae Ursus americanus
Black Bear Range Upper peninsula and North Lower Peninsula
Black Bear Identification Skull: Dome cranium, huge canines, large raccoon Skin: Dark in color
Brown Bear Classification Order: Carnivora Family: Ursidae Ursus arctos
Brown Bear Range Not in Michigan
Brown Bear Identification Skin: Huge paw
Porpoise Classification Order: Cretacea Family: Phocoenidae
Created by: LionsandGiants