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Ch. 10

Questions

QuestionAnswer
Who won the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1962? Watson and Crick
What is the process of coping DNA in a cell? Replication
What is the DNA nucleotide 3 parts? Sugar, Phosphate, and Nitrogen Containing Bases
What does the letter (a) stand for? Adenine
What are used to signify the nitrogen bases? Letters
What is the letter used to Represent Adenine? A
What is the enzyme that binds to separated chains of DNA? DNA polymerase
What does the change in the nucleotide sequence cause? Mutation
What are the three types of RNA? Messenger RNA, Transfer RNA, and Ribosomal RNA
What is the process by which genetic information is copied from DNA to RNA? Transcription
What are the products of transcriptions called? Transcripts
What are proteins? Polymers
What is a correlation between a nucleotide sequence and an amino acid chain? Genetic Code
What is the process of assembling polypeptides from information encoded in mRNA? Translation
What are Ribosomes composed of? rRNA and proteins
How many binding sides are key to the translation of Ribosomes? Three
What is the letter used to signify Guanine? G
What is the letter used to signify Thymine? T
What is the letter used to signify Cytosine? C
If the original sequence of DNA is A T T C C G, then what is the new nucleotide chain? T A A G G C
What begins replication simultaneously at different points along the chains? DNA polymerase
What can enzymes repair? Error's
Enzymes can repair error's and bring the error rate down to what? 1 per 1 billion nucleotides
Watson and Crick suggested a _________ model for the structure of DNA. Double Helix
The assembly of a polypeptide begins when a _________ attaches to a start codon. Ribosome
What type of RNA binds to specific amino acids? Transfer RNA (tRNA)
The most abundant form of RNA is__________. Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
The production of proteins is also called _________. Protein Synthesis
Proteins are _______________. Polymers
3 mRNA nucleotides = __________ Codon
Created by: abbie16