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CfE Higher 3-4

CfE Higher Vocab - Topic 3 (Differentiation) & Topic 4 (Genome & Mutations)

TermDefinition
Differentiation The process by which cells or tissues undergo a change towards a more specialised function.
Embryonic stem cell An undifferentiated cell taken from an embryo which is capable of differentiating into all types of cell.
Substitution mutation (point mutation) The replacement of one nucleotide by another on a DNA sequence.
Translocation mutation (chromosome mutation) The attachment of a length of DNA onto another chromosome.
Insertion mutation (point mutation) The addition of an extra nucleotide on a DNA sequence.
Genomics The science of interpreting genes; the study of an organism's genome using information systems, databases and computerised research tools.
Duplication mutation (chromosome mutation) The repetition of a section of DNA within a chromosome.
Deletion mutation (point mutation) The loss of a nucleotide from a DNA sequence.
Deletion mutation (chromosome mutation) The loss of a section of DNA.
Inversion mutation (chromosome mutation) The inversion (reversal) of a section of DNA within a chromosome.
Blastocyst An embryo that has developed for 5 to 6 days after fertilisation.
Created by: amymurney