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Ch 10 Bio

DNA sugar Deoxyribose
DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid
3 type RNA Messenger Ribsomal Transfer
RNA sugar ribose
RNA ribonucleic acid
Nucleotide basic structural unit of nucleic acids
Nitrogenous base make up the building blocks of DNA and RNA
Purine crystalline compound with basic properties
Pyrimidine colorless crystalline compound with basic propertie
Base paring rules constraints imposed by the molecular structure of DNA and RNA
Complementary base pair nucleotide bases on opposite strands of DNA or double-stranded RNA
Base sequence order of nucleotide bases in a DNA molecule
DNA replication double-stranded DNA molecule is copied to produce two identical DNA molecules
helicase separate double-stranded DNA into single strands allowing each strand to be copied
replication fork two strands of DNA are separated to allow replication of each strand
DNA polymerase enzyme that is responsible for forming new copies of DNA
Semi-conservative replication two copies that each contained one of the original strands and one new strand
mutation the deletion, insertion, or rearrangement of larger sections of genes or chromosomes
Transcription written or printed representation of something
Translation moving something
Protein Synthesis genetic code puts together proteins in the cell
RNA polymerase enzyme that synthesizes the formation of RNA from a DNA template during transcription
promoter promotes something
termination ending or final point of something
signal wave transmitted or received
genetic codes four-letter code of DNA is translated into the 20-letter code of amino acids
codon three adjacent nucleotides
anticodon three nucleotides forming a unit of genetic code in a transfer RNA molecule
genome set of chromosomes in a gamete or microorganism
Created by: Taylor Al