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Ch. 10 Flashcards

Biology flashcards

TermDefinition
DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid
Nucleotide parts Sugar, Phosphate, and base
Letters used to signify bases (A) adenine (G) Guanine (C) Cytosine (T) Thymine
Complementary base pairs C-G ,T-A
The process of DNA being copied replication
1953 Watson and Clark suggested the model of the double helix
During replication 2 nucleotide chains separate by unwinding and each chain serves as a template for a new nucleotide chain.
DNA polymerase separate chains of DNA
DNA polymerase replication replication occurs simultaneously at different points along the chain
Error rate One error in every 10,000 paired nucleotides
RNA is responsible for the movement of genetic information from the DNA
Structure of RNA sugar, phosphate, nitrogen containing base
mRNA carries genetic information from DNA
tRNA binds to specific amino acids
rRNA most abundant form
Transcription process by which information is copied from DNA to RNA
The product of transcription mRNA, tRNA, rRNA
Protein synthesis the production of proteins
proteins proteins are polymers
Amino acids there are 20 amino acids
Created by: jaredstull21