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Bones

Bone Names and other body part names

TermDefinition
1. DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
2. Double Helix the shape of a DNA strand
3. DNA Bases Adenine (A), Guanine (G), Cytosine (C), Thymine (T)
4. Replication the process of copying DNA in a cell
5. Mutation a change in the nucleotide-base sequence in a DNA molecule
6. RNA ribonucleic acid
7. RNA Structure sugar (ribose), phosphate, and nitrogen bases
8. Types of RNA (3 types) mRNA, tRNA, and rRNA
9. Messenger RNA (mRNA) carries genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm
10. Transfer RNA (tRNA) binds to specific amino acids
11. Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) most abundant form; it makes up the ribosomes, where proteins are made
12. Transcription process in which information is copied from DNA to RNA
13. Protein Synthesis the production of proteins
14. The Genetic Code a correlation between a nucleotide sequence and an amino acid sequence
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Created by: AxeKnight tK