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Chapter 10

Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA
Sugar, Phosphate, & Base Parts of DNA nucleotide
Deoxyribose Sugar -in DNA
Phosphorous Phosphate
Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, Thymine Nitrogen Containing Bases
DNA is made up of... Repeating subunits of nucleotides
Purines made up of 2 rings of carbon Adenine & Guanine
Pyrimidines that have only 1 ring of carbon Cytosine & Thymine
Structure of DNA Double Helix
C-F , T-A Complimentary base pairs
(A) (G) (C) (T) Letters used to signify nitrogen bases - Adenine, Guanine Cytosine & Thymine
Process of copying DNA Replication
Enzymes that bind to the separated chains of DNA during replication DNA Polymerase
A T T C C G original sequence of DNA
T A A G G C Nucleotide chain formed during replication
A correlation between a nucleotide sequence and an amino acid sequence Genetic Code
AUG start codon
UAA stop codon
UAG stop codon
UGA stop codon
3 mRNA nucleotides codon
the loop opposite of the site of amino acids attachments bears a sequence of three nucleotides anti codon
the process of assembling polypeptides from information encoded in mRNA translation
mutation is caused by... a change in nucleotide sequence
the process of copying DNA replication
process by which genetic information is copied from DNA to RNA transcription
3 types of RNA mRNA, tRNA, rRNA
mRNA consist of RNA nucleotides in the form of a single uncoiled chain
rRNA most abundant form of RNA
tRNA binds to a specific amino acid
the production of protiens protein synthesis
Created by: annaleewellman