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Bio I

12-4

QuestionAnswer
Gene mutations that involve changes in one nucleotide are called _____________ mutations. point
Which two mutations can cause a frameshift mutation? insertion and deletion
If the nitrogen base changes to a different type, name the three conditions that could occur. missense, nonsense, and silent
If an organisms has an extra set of chromosomes, it is called ______________. polyploidy
Whole chromosome mutations can involve moving parts of chromosomes. Can you name the four problems? duplication, inversion, translocation, deletion
Which is worse as far as the reading frame is concerned, point or frameshift mutations? frameshift - the whole reading frame shifts
Name two things on a tRNA molecule. anticodon and amino acid
What makes up proteins? amino acids
What is rRNA? a ribosome
What do ribosomes do? read mRNA and make a protein
Where is DNA found in eukaryotes? the nucleus
Where is DNA found in prokaryotes? the cytoplasm
Created by: macjlc13