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Biology 10.4

Biology-Circulation and Respiration Chapter 10 Section 4

QuestionAnswer
It functions to supply the body with oxygen and to rid it of excess carbon dioxide. respiratory system
The Primary organ of your respiratory system are your two ______, large, spongy organs located inside the thoracic cavity on opposite sides of your heart. lungs
The process of breathing -inhaling and exhaling air- and gas exchange is called ______ ________. external respiration
The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the blood cells and the tissue cells is called _________ _________. internal respiration
Within the cells themselves the process of releasing energy from food takes place. This process required oxygen and releases carbon dioxide. cellular respiration
When we breathe, air enters the nose and passes into the pharynx. This air is warmed, moistened, and filtered as it passes through the nasal cavity and circulated through the _____ _______ the irregular shaped pockets, or air spaces, in the nasal cavity. nasal meatuses
The _____ is the opening of the trachea; the flap of tissue which covers the opening of the trachea is called the epiglottis. glottis
The glottis is the opening of the trachea; the flap of tissue which covers the opening of the trachea is called the ________. epiglottis
Inside the boxlike larynx are two folds of elastic tissue called _______ ________. vocal cords
The trachea divides into two branches, the ______, when it enters the thoracic cavity. bronchi
Each branch of the trachea is called a __________, and one bronchus enters each lung. bronchus
As each bronchus enters a lung, it divides into many branches called _________ ________. bronchial tubes
The bronchial tubes branch many times to form still smaller tubes called __________. bronchioles
The smallest bronchioles ends in small saclike structures called _______. alveoli
The lining of the bronchial tubes can be irritated by infection or by smoking. The inflammation of this lining is called _________. bronchitis
Severe bronchitis can lead to __________, a bacterial or viral infection of the linings in the lungs which cause the lungs to secrete large quantities of fluid. pneumonia
________ ________ is an allergic condition characterized by spasms of the bronchial tube muscles, which cause the tubes to suddenly constrict, making breathing difficult. Bronchial asthma
A double membrane called the _________ _______ lines the inside of the rib cage, providing lubrication to prevent friction between the ribs and the delicate surface of the lungs. pleural membrane
Sometimes the pleura becomes inflamed, a painful condition known as _______. pleurisy
The thoracic cavity is an airtight chamber, but has a movable floor called the _______, which is a thick sheet of muscle that separated the chest cavity from the abdominal cavity. diaphragm
Speech originates in the throat, inside a delicately designed organ called the ______ or "voice box", a special enlargement of the trachea. larynx
Several _______ _________ act together to move the vocal cords in an open-closed movement. laryngeal muscles
the ribs and breastbone the intercostal muscles
The action of inhaling or breathing in. inhalation
The process or action of exhaling. exhalation
When you inhale and exhale as much as you can, that volume is called the _______ ________. vital capacity
The normal amount of air in your lungs is called the ________ ________. tidal volume
The most common respiratory disease of all is undoubtedly the ________ ______. common cold
Another common threat to the respiratory system is the disease known as ________, or "the flu." influenza
_______ is caused by a slow-growing bacterium that infects the lungs. tubeculosis
________ is a progressive deterioration of the alveoli caused by malfunctioning enzymes; it can result from genetic causes, chronic bronchitis, and continuous exposure to smoke or other irritants. Emphysema
_____ _____ is one of the most common hereditary diseases in the United States. Cystic fibrosis
abbreviation for Cystic fibrosis (CF)
The most devastating respiratory disease is ________ ________, the uncontrolled growth of abnormal lung cells. lung cancer
Created by: Teens