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Heredity for Dummies

Shows you certain vocabulary on Heredity you should already know.

TermDefinition
Trait (n.)The characteristics of an organism
Heredity (n.)The transfer of physical and genetic traits from parent to offspring
Genetics (n.)The study of hererdity
Gregor Mendel (N.)The Austrian scientist who discovered how heredity works
Dominant Trait (n.)The trait that an offspring will most likely get from a parent
Recessive Trait (n.)The trait that an offspring will least likely get from a parent
Genes (n.)A segment of DNA that codes for specific traits
Alleles (n.)The different forms of a gene
Phenotype (n.)An organism's physical apperance
Genotype (n.)An organism's genetic make-up
Purebred/Homozygous (adj.)An organism with 100% dominant or recessive alleles
Hybrid/Heterozygous (adj.)An organism with a mix of dominant and recessive alleles
Probability (n.)The likelihood that an event will occur
Punnett Square (n.)A tool used to find the most likely genetic combinations of two parent organisms
Meiosis (n.)The process by which two sex cells create a cell with 26 chromosomes
Selective Breeding (v.)The process of selecting a few organisms with desired traits to serve the offsprings of the next generation.
Inbreeding (v.)A selective breeding method in which two individuals with identical with identical sets of alleles are crossed
Hybridization (v.)A selective breeding method in which two genetically different individuals are crossed
Cloning (v.)A breeding method which involves genetically making an organism that is identical to the other
DNA(Deoxyribonucleic Acid) (n.)Genetic material that carries information from parent to offspring
Mutation (v.)A change in a gene or chromosome
Genetic Engeneering (n.)The transfer of a gene from the DNA of one organism to the other producing one or more desired traits
Created by: 200320650