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Biology 10.1

Biology-Circulation and Respiration Chapter 10 Section 1

QuestionAnswer
The heart, the blood vessels, and the blood they contain all make up the _______ _________, also called the circulatory system. cardiovascular system
Blood is pumped away from the heart through ______. arteries
Blood is moved back to the heart through ______. veins
The vessels which link theses larger vessels are the microscopic ______. capillarires
About 55% or the total blood volume is a liquid called ____. plasma
The rest of the blood (45%) consists of _____ _____ ______, white blood cells, and platelets. red blood cells
The rest of the blood (45%) consists of red blood cells, _____ ____ _____, and platelets. white blood cells
The rest of the blood (45%) consists of red blood cells, white blood cells, and ________. platelets
_____, is the most plentiful of the blood proteins, is manufactured in the liver and helps regulate the amount of water in the blood. Albumin
______, also made in the liver as well as the lymph tissue, are a broad category of blood proteins that help to transport fats throughout the body and help fight infections. Globulins
_______, another blood protein made in the liver helps in the clotting of blood. Fibrinogen
If a person loses too much blood or plasma as a result of an injury or a burn, the body's blood pressure may fall to a critical low, causing a condition known as _______ ______. circulatory shock
A _____ _____ ______, or erythrocyte is a master of design for doing its job or carrying oxygen. red blood cells
A red blood cell, or _______ is a master or design for doing its job of carrying oxygen. erythrocyte
The cytoplasm of red blood cells contains _____, a special iron-containing blood protein which binds easily to oxygen and gives blood its characteristic red color. hemoglobin
______ is a disorder resulting from too little oxygen being transported to body cells. Anemia
A unique disease of the erythrocytes is ____-______ ______, a genetic disease caused by a genetic defect in the hemoglobin molecules that causes them to clump together into elongated crystals under certain conditions. sickle-cell anemia
Surplus red blood cells are stored in the _______ until they are needed. spleen
The blood contains several kinds of ______ ______ ______, or leukocytes, which are produced in the bone marrow and the lymph nodes. white blood cells
The blood contains several kinds of white blood cells, or _________, which are produced in the bone marrow and the lymph nodes. leukocytes
If a great excess is found and no apparent infection is found a person may have ______, a form of cancer in which white blood cells are produced in uncontrolled numbers. leukemia
The job of patrolling your 60,000 miles of blood vessels for leaks belongs to your _______, tiny disk-shaped cell fragments produced in the bone marrow that serves as roving patch kits. platelets
In larger blood vessels or in areas of more extensive damage, a process known as ____ is used to seal the break. clotting
If the blood clot is on the surface of the skin, a ____ develops, and healing begins along the perimeter of the wound. scab
An inherited disease called _______, results in the inability to form blood clots. hemophilia
These tags are referred to as ________ or agglutinogens because they trigger the immune system to attack the red blood cells when the wrong types of blood are mixed, causing the cells to clump together or agglutinate. antigens
These tags are referred to as antigens or _________ because they trigger the immune system to attack the red blood cells when the wrong types of blood are mixed, causing the cells to clump together or agglutinate. agglutinogens
What can type O blood be mixed with? Any blood type.
People with type O blood are sometimes called ________ ________ because they can donate to people of any blood type. universal donors
What kind of blood can a individual with AB blood receive? Any blood type.
People with type AB blood are sometimes called ________ ________. universal recipients
What are people called when they have "identification tags" known as the Rh factor. Rh positive.
What are people called when they lack "identification tags" known as the Rh factor. Rh negative.
Created by: Teens