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TRMS 7SC Cell Repro.

Cellular Reproduction

If an alligator has 30 chromosomes in the body cells how many chromosomes are in the sex cells? 15
If there are 6 chromosomes in the egg cell of a house fly how many chromosomes would be in the body cell? 12
What is the reason meiosis takes place? To prepare the cells for sexual reproduction ( to create the sperm and egg ).
Are the offspring ( children ) of sexual reproduction genetically identical to the parent? No, the are similar but not identical.
Are the offspring of asexual reproduction genetically identical to the parent? Yes, there is no mixing of genes to create the offspring.
How are sex cells different than body cells? Sex cells have 1/2 the number of chromosomes as the body cells.
How do the number of chromosomes at the end of mitosis compare to the number of chromosomes at the end of meiosis? The number of chromosomes at the end of meiosis are 1/2 the number of chromosomes at the end of mitosis.
What is the process call when sex cells are formed? Meiosis
What does the chromosome theory state? Genes are carried from parents to offspring on chromosomes.
The process by which a female sex cell joins together with a male sex cell is called _________. Fertilization
What do you call the process by which the nucleus divides into two nuclei? (division for growth and repair) Mitosis
What do you call the cell created when the egg and sperm join together? Zygote
What do you call the female sex cells? Egg
What do you call the male sex cells? Sperm
When you have genetic information from more than one parent combine to form an organism this is known as ______. Sexual Reproduction
Is there a relationship between the number of chromosomes and how advanced the organism is? No
Chromosomes are located in which organelle of the cell? Nucleus
Which reproduction, sexual or asexual, results in offspring with more genetic diversity? Sexual reproduction
Offspring have very little genetic diversity with which type of reproduction? Asexual
What is budding? Asexual reproduction where new individuals form buds on an existing individual. They break off and form new organism.
Is fragmentation a form of asexual or sexual reproduction? Asexual
What is fragmentation? Parts of an organism break off, each piece will continue to grow.
What is binary fission? A form of asexual repoduction where a single cell divides into 2 cells.
Plants produce seeds in order to reproduce sexually or asexually? Sexually
the process of selecting parents for desired traits in the offspring selective breeding
another term for selective breeding artificial selection
Type of reproduction that involves only one parent asexual reproduction
Term for modifying the characteristics of an organism by manipulating its DNA genetic engineering
Created by: Sharon_Jenkins