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Midwifery BP Values

Midwifery Values--Hypertension and Preeclampsia

QuestionAnswer
What are the normal (adult) blood pressure values? SBP <120 mmHg DBP <80 mmHg
What are the prehypertension (adult) blood pressure values? SBP 120-139 mmHg DBP 80-89 mmHg
What are the Stage 1 prehypertension (adult) blood pressure values? SBP 140-159 mmHg DBP 90-99 mmHg
What are the Stage 2 prehypertension (adult) blood pressure values? SBP >160 mmHg DBP >100 mmHg
What are blood pressure values of woman who has developed gestational hypertension? SBP > or = 140 mmHg DBP > or = 90 mmHg Woman is at least 20 weeks' gestation and does not have proteinuria. Readings should be documented on at least two occasions at least 6 hours apart.
What are blood pressure values of woman who has developed severe gestational hypertension? SBP at least 160 mmHg and/ or DBP of at least 110 mmHg, sustained for at least 6 hours.
What are blood pressure values of woman who has developed preeclampsia? Gestational hypertension values (SBP > or = 140 mmHg DBP > or = 90 mmHg) with addition of proteinuria (> or = 300 mg in a 24-hour period or more than 1+ on a dipstick in two random urine samples tested at least 6 hours apart.)
What are blood pressure values of woman who has developed severe preeclampsia? SBP at least 160 mmHg and/ or DBP of at least 110 mmHg, on two occasions at least 6 hours.
What are proteinuria values of woman who has developed severe preeclampsia? > or = 5 g in 24 hours or > or = 3+ on two random urine samples collected at least 4 hours apart.
List other symptoms of preeclampsia that occur in addition to raised BP and proteinuria values. Oliguria of <500 mL in 24 hours; cerebral or visual disturbances; pulmonary edema or cyanosis; epigastric or right upper-quadrant pain; impaired liver function; thrombocytopenia; fetal growth restriction
What does HELLP stand for and what could it be a severe form of? Hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets. May be a severe form of preeclampsia or an independent disorder.
Created by: blynnsom