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Biology Test 1 Cole

Honors Biology TEST 1

TermDefinition
Scientific Method a method of procedure that has characterized natural science consisting in systematic observation, measurement, and experiment, and the formulation, testing and modification of hypotheses
Scientific Investigation is the way in which scientists and researchers use a systematic approach to answer questions about the world around us
Hypothesis a supposition of proposed explanation made on the basis of limited evidence as a starting point for further investigation
Evidence the available body of facts or information indicating whether a belief or proposition is true or valid
Prediction estimate of what will happen
Experiment a scientific procedure undertaken to make a discovery, test a hypothesis, or demonstrate a known fact
Dependent Variable a variable (often denoted by y) whose value depends on that of another
Independent Variable a variable (often denoted by x) whose variation does not depend on that of another
Scientific Theory is a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world, based on a body of facts that have been repeatedly confirmed through observation and experiement
Cell Theory These cells are the basic unit of structure in all organisms and also the basic unit of production
Germ Theory states that some diseases are caused by microorganisms
Reproduction the production of offspring
Homeostasis the tendency toward a relatively stable equilibrium between interdependent elements, especially as maintained by physiological processes
Cell the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism
Gene a unit to heredity that is transferred from a parent to offspring and is held to determine some characteristic of the offspring
Chromosome a threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in the nucleus of most living cells, carrying genetic information in the form of genes
Evolution the process by which different kinds of living organisms are though to have developed and diversified from earlier forms during the history of the earth
Adaptation the action or process of adapting or being adapted
Organism an individual animal, plant, or single-celled life form
Interdependence is a mutual dependence between things
Symbiosis interaction between two different organisms living in close physical association, typically to the advantage of both
Competition two animals fighting for food, water, mates, and shelter
Biology the study of living organisms
Variable any factor that can be controlled or changed or measured in an experiment
Gene Theory traits are passed from parents to children through gene transmission
Created by: freddaph