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Digestive System

TermDefinition
digestive enzymes proteins that break down food molecules into their building blocks
chemical digestion the breakdown of food in the mouth, stomach and intestines through the use of acids and enzymes.
mechanical digestion chewing, swallowing and the muscular movements that move food through the digestive tract
bowel movement movement of food in the large intestines
endoscopy nonsurgical procedure used to examine a person's digestive tract
colonoscopy test that allows your doctor to look at the inner lining of your large intestine (rectum and colon)
pepsin enzyme released in the stomach that breaks down protein
amylase enzymes that break down sugars
peristalsis wave-like muscle contractions that moves food to different processing stations in the digestive tract
peptic ulcer painful sores or ulcers in the lining of the stomach or first part of the small intestine
obesity complex disorder involving an excessive amount of body fat
colorectal cancer abnormal growth of cells in the large intestine
diverticulitis common digestive disease which involves the formation of pouches within the bowel walls
hemorrhoids swollen and inflamed veins in your anus and lower rectum
gastric reflux stomach contents leak backwards from the stomach into the esophagus, causing discomfort
Created by: jamesweide