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Biology Basics

Introductory terms to generally used in biology

Biology The study of life and living systems
Geology The study of earth, particularly the solid earth and the rocks that compose it
Entomology Branch of zoology that deals with the study of insects
Botany The scientific study and categorization of plants
Ecology The study of the relationship between living things and their environment
Genetics The study of heredity, or how the characteristics of living things are passed from one generation to the next
Pathology The study of the nature and cause of diseases
Taxonomy The classification of living things
meteorology The study of weather and climate
science organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural world
observation use of one or more of the senses to gather information
data evidence or information gathered from observation
inference logical interpretation bases on prior knowledge and experiences
hypothesis possible explanation for a set of observations or possible answer to a scientific question
controlled experiment a test of the effect of ONE variable by changing it while keeping all other variables the same
metric system universal decimal system of measurement based on certain physical standards and scaled on multiples of 10
microscope device that produces magnified images of structures that are too small to see with the unaided eye
compound light microscope microscope that allows light to pass through a specimen and uses two lenses to form an image
zoology the scientific study and characterization of animals
Created by: hayesbiology