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Cells

Practice Cell Vocabulary

TermDefinition
ATP (Adenosine Triphospate) stores energy and is like the cells money, everything the cell does cost ATP
Glucose scientific name for simple sugar, The cell can turn glucose into ATP, so it's like the cells fuel
Mitochondrion are like the cells power plants - 1 single mitochondrion can turn 1 glucose into 38 ATP. Mitochondrion can not be repaired only recycled
Nucleus is an organelle that is the central command structure of the cell and stores the cells DNA
Amino Acids are molecules that make protein, they are like the cells brinks
Nucleic Acids make RNA, RNA is the blueprint for protein
Ribosomes are like factories - the nucleus gives them orders and they make things.
Slicer Enzymes kill viral RNA
Viruses attack the cell - they invade and reproduce themselves (They have a protein coat and viral RNA)
Fatty Acids are molecules udes to make membrane, the stretchy outside of the cell.
Endoplasmic Reticulum (E.R.) an organelle where the membrane is produced, and it makes the cell grown bigger.
Free Radicals dangerous molecules that damage the nucleus' DNA and organelles like the mitochondria. They are like poisonous garbage, mitochondria produce them along with ATP
Vesicles is a membrane bubble with protein inside. It's like a water balloon filled with chemicals. (vesicles also carry organelles)
Lysosome A vesicle filled with acid, it can recycle and digests large organelles.
Peroxisome A vesicle that absorbs free radicals.
Golgi Body is an organelle which sorts and processes vesicles
Chloroplasts only found in plant cells, uses sunlight to make glucose
Created by: karodn