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apologia plant cells

plant cell structure definitions

TermDefinition
cell wall a structure that surrounds the cell membrane and provides support to the cell
cytoplasm the jelly-like fluid inside the cell - mostly water
nucleus a large organelle in a eukaryotic cell that contains the cell's DNA/chromosomes/genetic material
ribosomes non membrane-bounded organelles that are responsible for making proteins
mitichondria the organelles that break down food/sugar to release energy
endoplasmic reticulum rough ER transports proteins around the cell, and contains ribosomes; smooth ER acts as a pathway through the cell, and contains no ribosomes
golgi bodies the organelle that packages proteins and lipids before sending them through the cell; they also take part in secretion
vacuole the organelles that store waste, water and other materials
chromoplasts organelles that contain pigments (chlorophyll) used in photosynthesis
centrioles are involved in cellular reproduction/division
middle lamella thin film between cell walls of adjacent plant cells, made mostly of pectin
lysosome organelle in animal cells responsible for hydrolosis reactions that break down proteins, polysaccharides, disaccharides and some lipids
leucoplasts organelles that store the starches left over from photosynthesis
cytoskeleton network of fibers that holds the cell together and aids the cell in movement
plasma membrane semipermeable membrane between the cell's contents and either the cell wall or the cell's surroundings
Created by: jpalumbo20