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species and genus


Genuswhat they doName
Genus Borrelia causes lyme disease - vectored into humans bu the bite of the deer burgdorferi
Genus Treponema causes syphilis pallidum
Genus Campylobacter often found cattle, pig, chicken intestines and containing meat products..cause of entry (food poisoning) jejeuni-
Genus Helicobacter infection with this organism is a necessary prerequisite for a gastric ulcer pylori-
Gebus Legionella -knows to be common in streams as well as sometimes in the water lines of air-conditioning systems. killed 26 in a mysterious pneumonia outbreak at a 1976 convention in philly. pneumonia
Genus Neisseria - sexual transmitted disease, cause sterility and scar Fallopian tubes gonorrhea
Genus Pseudomonas very common in water and soil, resistant to many antibiotics and disinfectant - cause UTI wound infections, dangerous for burn patient. -Produces green and blue pigments Pseudomonas
Genus Enterobacter aerogenes aerogenes
Genus Escherichia guinea pig -very well characterized, used in pioneering studies and some strains cause traveler's diarrhea and strain is pathogenic coli-
Genus Klebsiella cause pneumonia in elderly and immunocompromised pneumoniae-
Genus Proteus highly motile vulgaris-
Genus salmonella - cause of typhoid fever - a big killer before good sanitation practices municipal treatment of sewage and drinking water typhi
Genus salmonella - cause of salmonellosis aka food poisoning enteritidis
Genus Shigella resembles E.coli except it almost produces a variety of enterotoxins Shigella
Genus Yersinia - vectored into humans by bites of infected fleas causes plagues. -bubonis plague (LYMPHATIC infection) has an untreated mortality of 50%-75% -Pneumonic plague nearly always kills -pestis was the probable cause of the black death in europe pestis
Genus Vibrio - cause of cholera - produces a powerful enterotoxin that inhibits water absorption by the large intestine - watery diarrhea, death by dehydration in hours -occur in poor country cholerae
Genus Haemophilus - only grows on blood-based media in laboratory and was discovered and misidentified as the cause of the 1890 influenza pandemic -found in nasopharynx of 75% of people. -virulent strains cause meningitis, earache, epligottitis and pneumonia. influenzae
Genus Bacteriodes - strict anaerobe -very common in human colon -cause peritonitis from penetrating abdominal wounds (gun wound or ruptured appendix) fragilis-
Genus Staphylococcus can be quite pathogenic -commonly found on skin, ares, groin and axillae -produces a variety of toxins and tissue-destroting enzymes -very resistant to drying and heat and antibiotics -can cause toxins shock syndrome, abscesses, wound infections fp aureus
Genus Streptococcus -normal oral flora -forms bio-films on teeth -oral surgery can accidentally inoculate them into blood stream where they can wind up growing on heart valves, lining of the heart which is very dangerous mutans
Genus Streptococcus -encapsulated -cause pneumoniae expecially in children and elderly pneumoniae
Genus Streptococcus causes strep throat pyogenes
Genus Streptococcus -lactose fermented used in yogurt manufacture lactis
Genus Bacillus first bacterium identified as the cause of a disease. -primarily a disease of livestock, infection results from inhalation or ingestion of spores -vegetative bacteria produce deadly exotoxins which cause death by circulatory collapse and pulmonary edema anthracis
Genus Clostridium -extremely powerful neurotoxins -causes flaccid paralysis, respiratory arrest, death Botulinum
Genus Clostridium -cause of super-infection colon -toxins damage lining of colon difficile
Genus Clostridium -produces an assortment of tissue- destroying enzymes and toxins -cause of gas gangrene perfringens
Genus Clostridium -produces powerful neurotoxins which cause spastic paralysis tetani
Genus Streptomyces - various members are responsible for the production for many of our natural antibiotic drugs Streptomyces
Genus Lactobacillus -ferment carbohydrates producing acids -a common and necessary member of the vaginal normal flora -prevent yeasts and other pathogens lactobacilli
Genus listeria -able to grow in refrigerated food -found widely in animal populations -infection in pregant women can result serious consequences to her fetus monocytogenes
Genus Corynebacterium - cause diphtheria- a serious respiratory infection until 1935 killed more children in the USA than any other infectious disease. diphtheriae
Genus Mycobacterium - a growing problem in AIDS patients -many strains are multiply-resistant and some strains are not treatable tuberculosis
Genus Mycobacterium cause of Hansen's disease -extremities affected (grows best at slightly lower temp found on hand, feet and face) leprae
Genus Mycobacterium group of related mycobacterial species that have become a significant opportunistic pathogens in HIV/AIDS patients avium
Genus Mycoplasma tiny bacterium causes mild (walking) pneumonia pneumoniae
Genus Trichophyton produces keratinases that allow it to digest and live in, the keratin abundant in hair, nail or nail tissues -responsible for many fungal infections of the hair nail skin trichopton
Genus Epidermophyton fungus affect only skin and nails Epidermophyton
Genus Microsporum fungus tend to prefer hair or skin to nails Microsporum
Genus candida fungus responsible for most human yeast infection both in the vagina and mouth candida
Genus Histoplasma -often abundant in deposits of bird or bat dropping and human become infected by inhalation -fungus grow in the lungs and ocasional enter blood stream Histoplasma
Genus Aspergillus -common mold that can grow on plants and sometimes produces very toxic aflatoxins. corn and peanuts can be contaminate by it. Aspergillus
Genus Pneumocystics though to be a protozoan but recent evidence suggests that it is a fungus. -Harmless to healthy persons - it pneumonia is a significant illness in person with HIV/AIDS Pneumocystics
Genus Neisseria - causes meningococcal meningitis meningitis
Created by: 1149820044