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gillambiology ch 1-6

crossword questions chapter 1-6

QuestionAnswer
ABYSSAL PLAIN What is the flat bottom of the deep ocean called?
ACTIVATION The energy required to start a chemical reaction is called the -?- energy.
ACTIVESITE The -?- is what we call the area of an enzyme where the substrates bind to it.
ADHESION The attraction of different types of molecules to each other is called -?-
AIR The problem with Spallanzani's experiment is that the sealed flask not only kept germs out, but it also kept -?- out, so we could not be sure which was causing the microorganism not to grow in the gravy.
ALASKA What state was most affected by the Exon Valdez oil spill?
ALGAE What does a GIANT SNAIL eat?
ALIVE According to appendix A, what is a common characteristic of both plants and animals?
ALL SCIENTISTS AGREE What causes a theory to turn into a law?
AMINOACIDS Proteins are made of monomers called -?-
ANIMALS Saturated fats come from -?-
ANSWER QUESTIONS What is the job of a scientist?
APHIDS Ants and -?- often have a mutualistic relationship.
ARISTOTLE What was the name of the Greek philosopher who answered questions (but did not test them) over 2000 years ago?
ATOMIC What type of clock has a vibrating Cesium atom inside?
ATOMS The number of -?- on the product side and the reactant side of a chemical equation must be the same.
AUTOTROPHS Organisms that make their own COM are called -?-.
AVERAGE The climate is a description of the -?- condition over many years.
BACTERIA Figure 3-14 what organism removes nitrogen from the air?
BACTERIA Some types of -?- can eat sulfur that come out of smoker at the bottom of the ocean.
BASE Each nucleotide has three parts, a sugar, a phosphate group and a -?-
BIASED -?- presentation of facts can mislead people, without lying.
BIODIVERSITY -?- is never considered a renewable resource because once a species goes extinct it can never be replaced.
BIOLOGICAL What type of pest control is sustainable? figure 6-8
BIOSPHERE What is the next level (bigger and more complex) of organization above biome?
BONDS During all chemical reactions a change in the chemical -?- occurs.
BOREALFOREST What biome has the greatest variation of temperature in a year?
CANCER -?- cells are often the easiest to kill using radiation.
CAPTAIN PLANET For thousands of years the most common belief was that matter was made of earth, fire, wind, water, (life), just like -?-.
CARBOHYDRATES Both photosynthesis and chemosynthesis produce -?-
CARBON Organic compounds always have two -?- atoms bonded together.
CARBON DIOXIDE The amount of -?- in the air affects the climate of the earth.
CARBONIC ACID Water and carbon dioxide react together to form -?-
CATALASE By ANALYZING DATA we learn that acids have the greatest ability to stop the action of what enzyme?
CELLCULTURE What is it called when a scientist grows cells in the laboratory?
CELLULOSE A chemical in paper formed by chaining hundreds of glucose together.
CENTRIFUGE A -?- is used to spin a test tube of broken cells during cell fractionation.
CFC 30 years ago the over use of -?- had created a hole in the ozone layer that blocks harmful radiation.
CHANGED According to appendix A, the control group consists of objects that are not -?-.
CHEMISTRY The first job of a scientist is to understand the -?- of life of a GREAT EGRET.
CHEMISTRYKIT What instrument could a scientist use to improve/replace his sense of taste?
CLASSIFYING According to appendix A, -?- animals helps scientists understand living things better and discover relationships among them.
COHESION The attraction of similar molecules to each other is called -?-
COM Living things get energy to force reactions by breaking down -?-
COMMENSALISM -?- occurs when two organism live closely together, one is benefitted and the other is unaffected.
COMMUNITY A herd of Bison and a flock of Turkeys and a town of Prairie Dogs together form a -?-
COMMUNITY What is the next level (bigger and more complex) of organization above population?
COMPOUND What do we call two or more elements bonded together into a molecule?
COMPUTERS Super -?- are know for their ability to MODEL and solve complex problems while predicting the future.
CONE The age-structure demographic diagram of a population with high birt rate and high death rate will look like a -?-
CONFLICT OF INTEREST There is a -?- when a scientist is motivated to find a particular answer in order to get more money or fame.
CONSERVATION Zoos, national parks/wilderness, government regulations are all parts of man’s attempt at the -?- of species.
CONTROLLED In a -?- experiment a scientist is trying to answer a question by comparing things.
COVALENT What type of bond would usually form between two non-metals.?
CUP According to appendix C, 236 milliliters is equal to 1 -?-.
CURRENT The weather is a description of the -?- conditions in an area.
DEMOCRITUS Who first believed that matter was made of Atoms?
DENSITY The population -?- tells us how close together the individuals are.
DEPENDENT According to appendix A, another name for the responding variable is the -?- variable.
DEPENDENT Figure 5-5, in this diagram there are more density -?- factors limiting population growth.
DESCRIBE The first step in dealing with global climate change is to accurately -?- what is happening.
DIFFUSION What is it called when substances spread out moving from areas of high concentration to areas of low concentration?
DISEASE What density dependent factor apparently was limiting human population growth between 1000-1500 A.D. figure 5-10
DISEASE What density dependent factor apparently was limiting human population growth between 1000-1500 A.D. figure 5-10
DISTURBANCES What causes ecosystems to be constantly changing? figure 4-9
DNA The information to direct all life processes is carried by a molecule called -?-
ECOLOGY The study of how organisms interact with their environments.
ELECTRON Which sub-atomic particle has a negative charge?
ELECTRONS The behavior of an atom depends on the number of -?- it has.
ENERGY -?- flows through living systems like our biosphere.
ENERGY -?- flows through living things, while matter is recycled.
ENZYMES -?- function by reducing the activation energy of a reaction.
ESPA What law was passed in 1966, that made it illegal to do harm species of animals that had a low and decreasing population.
EVOLUTION The theory of -?- describes all life a being related by common ancestry.
EXPERIMENT What is the fourth step of the scientific method?
EXPONENTIAL -?- populations growth is never sustainable.
EXTINCTION Loss of habitat is the number one cause of species -?-.
FALSE There are thousands of different Atoms. (TRUTH or FALSE)
FALSE Scientists try to use their 6 senses when making observations. (True or False)
FAST Most of the resources on the Earth can be classified as renewable or nonrenewable based on how -?- we use them.
FEEDING Figure 4-5, The different species of birds in a spruce tree occupy different niches because their -?- heights are different.
FISHBONE By EXPLORING ECOLOGY FROM SPACE we see a -?- pattern of rain forest clearing in Brazil.
FISHES Figure 3-8, what eats zooplankton?
FLIES Francisco Redi proved that maggots were not spontaneously generated, but were the result of -?- laying eggs on the meat.
FORENSIC What type of scientist is often called upon to testify as an expert witness.
FOSSIL FUELS The maximum sustainable population of the Earth (at least for now) has been greatly increased by the use of -?-.
FOUR How many calories are in 1 gram of sugar?
FOUR Which graph on page 32 shows a population of flies that is not constantly changing?
FRUITFLY According to DATA ANALYZING in ch-5, the carrying capacity of the -?- population is around 320 individuals.
FUEL One man with a tractor and -?- can do the same work of 500 men 500 years ago.
GATHER Animals must -?- COM
GECKO What animal uses van der Waals forces to climb a wall.
GERMINATE According to appendix A, observations seem to indicate that seeds will not -?- until they have been exposed to a period of low temperature.
GIBBOUS According to appendix A, after a full moon comes an old -?- moon.
GIGA What metric prefix means 1,000,000,000 (billion)
GLYCEROL Lipids are made by connecting 3 fatty acid molecules to a -?- molecule.
GOLD What element has 118 neutrons?
GRADUATED CYLINDAR What instrument (tool) can a scientist use to measure volume?
GRAM What is the metric unit of mass?
GRAPHS What do scientists use to display and organize data?
GRAVITATIONAL PULL An object’s weight is the amount of -?-
HABITAT Loss of -?- is a limiting factor that is independent of density.
HEAT The climate of an area is affected by how the -?- on the earth is transported by winds and water currents.
HETEROTROPHS Organisms that collect COM from their environment are -?-.
HIGH In Africa they often have a high birth rate and a -?- death rate, and thus a stable population size.
HOMEOSTASIS Living things maintain -?- by keeping the conditions inside their body always the same.
HOMEOSTASIS -?- is necessary in order to maintain proper conditions for enzyme function.
HORSE According to appendix A, what animal can be wild or can be a pet?
HYDROGEN Acids are chemicals that release -?- ions into a solution.
HYDROXIDE Bases are chemicals that release -?- ions into a solution.
HYPOTHESIS What word would best fill in the oval marked 1, in the diagram on page 30?
ILLUMINATOR According to appendix D, what is the light on the bottom of a microscope called?
INDUSTRIAL Human activities such as modern agriculture, hunting, and the -?- revolution have had a great impact on the Earth’s landscape.
ION What do we call a charged atom?
ISOTOPES The mass numbers on the chart are often not whole numbers because they represent the average of the different -?-
LARGE When a controlled experiment cannot be done (for example testing the affects of radiation on people), scientist can still answer questions by studying -?- groups.
LATITUDE The relative closeness of a location to the equator is known as the -?-, and has a great influence on the climate of that area.
LIGHT The meter is defined by the distance -?-travels in 1/299,729,458 sec.
LIMITING The biological productions of an ecosystem often depends on the availability of one nutrient known as the -?- factor.
LINE What type of graph is used to display trends (changes over time)?
LIQUID Water is unusual because it is a -?- at room temperature.
LITER What is the metric unit of volume for liquids?
LOW In Japan they have a low death rate and a -?- birth rate, and thus a stable population size.
LOWPOWER According to appendix D, which lens should you use first when viewing a new specimen?
MAGNIFICATION In the process of biological -?- DDT became concentrated enough in eagles to lower the birth rate. figure 6-16
MANIPULATED In an experiment it is important that the things being compared are the same in every way accept one, that difference is called the -?- variable.
MASS Electrons are the sub-atomic particles with the least -?-
MATTER The water, carbon, and nitrogen cycles show us how -?- changes from a used state to a usable state.
MEASURE What do scientists do (while making observations) that produces all that data?
METER What is the metric unit of length?
METRIC All scientist use the -?-system.
MILLI What metric prefix means 1/1,000 (thousandth)?
MIXTURE What do we call two or more chemicals together, but not bonded?
MODELS According to appendix A, -?- are usually made to help people understand natural objects and processes.
MOLECULES What is the next level (bigger) of organization above atoms?
MOLECULES The number of -?- on the product side and the reactant side of a chemical equation may be different.
MONOMERS What do we call molecules that can be chained together?
MOOSES Figure 5-7, were there more mooses or wolves in 1980?
MUTUALISM Type of symbiosis where both organisms are benefitted?
NATURAL Science attempts to find answers to questions based on the -?- world.
NEEDS To lose weight you must eat fewer calories than your body -?-
NEUTRAL A pH value of 7 would indicate -?-
NEUTRALIZATION When an acid mixes with a base a -?- reaction occurs.
NEUTRON Which sub-atomic particle has no charge?
NEUTRONS Isotopes have the same name but a different number of -?-
NICHE No two species can occupy the same -?- at the same time.
NINE How many calories are in 1 gram of fat?
NITROGEN An element in the Amino group of an amino acid?
NOP Does the mass of an object change if we take it to the moon? (yes or nop)
NORTH Figure 4-3, what direction do the water currents flow off the West coast of South America?
NOT The most common element in the human body is Water. (NOT OR YES)
NOT Light microscopes can only be used to view dead organisms. (yep or not)
NUCLEIC DNA is an example of a -?- acid.
NUCLEICACIDS -?- have the function telling the cell what traits it will have.
NUCLEOTIDES The monomers used to make a DNA molecule are called -?-
NUCLEUS Electrons are the only sub-atomic particles not in the -?-
NUMBER OF FLIES What was the resultant variable in the experiment results shown in the graph on page 33?
OBJECTIVE According to appendix D, what are the lenses called that sit closest to the specimen?
OBSERVATION What is the first step of the scientific method?
ORGANIC What does of “O” in COM stand for?
ORGANISM Everything that happens in an -?- is based on chemical reactions.
PATTERNS What are scientists looking for while making observations?
PERIWINKLE What pink flower helps to treat cancer? figure 6-14
PH Buffers are chemicals that help control the -?- of a solution.
PHOTOSYNTHESIS Figure 3-13, what is one process that removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere?
PHYTOPLANKTON What are the primary producers of COM in aquatic ecosystems?
PIE What type of graph is use to compare the parts of something?
PIONEER During ecological succession, a -?- species is the first to appear.
PLANTS -?- make their own COM
POLAR It is water’s -?- nature that makes it such a good solvent.
POLYMERIZATION What do we call the process of putting together monomers?
PREDATION -?- occurs when one organism catches and eats another.
PREDATORS The removal of elk -?- from Yellowstone eventually resulted in a crash in the elk population.
PREDICT The third step in dealing with global climate change is to accurately -?- how things will be changing.
PROTEIN Enzymes are a type of -?- that cause chemical reactions.
PROTON Today experiments continue using tools like the Large Hadron Collider, in order to learn what a -?- is really made of.
PROTONS Elements are distinguished by the number of -?- they have.
PURIFICATION The ecosystem provides us the service of -?- of water. figure 6-22
PYRAMID The biomass in a -?- goes down by 90% for every level you go up.
QUART According to appendix C, a liter is a little more than 1 -?-
RADIOACTIVE Some isotopes are unstable and -?-, so they can harm living cells.
REACTANTS The substances consumed by chemical reaction are called the -?-
RECYCLED Atoms are -?- by living systems like our biosphere.
REGULATIONS Government -?- try to reduce the impact of human activities on the Earth to a sustainable level.
RENEWABLE What type of energy sources will never run out?
RESPOND All living things -?- to their environment.
RESPONDENT Usually the results of an experiment are measured and that thing being measured is called the -?- variable.
SACCHARUM What is the Latin word for sugar?
SALT 97% of the water on the earth is -?- water.
SATURATED -?- fats are completely filled with hydrogen atoms.
SEM What type of microscope bounces electrons off the surface of a specimen.
SEQUENCE Proteins can vary in length and -?- of amino acids.
SEXUAL What type of reproduction requires two parent organisms?
SIX How many carbons in 1 glucose molecule?
SOLUTION What do we call a mixture that completely dissolves?
SOLVENT Water is the greatest -?- on Earth.
SPECIES In the early days of Yellowstone the caretakers did not understand the complex interactions between -?-.
SPONTANEOUS GENERATION People once believed that life could appear suddenly from not living substances, this was called -?-.
SPONTANEOUSLY Reactions that release energy may occur -?-
SPREAD OUT Figure 4-2, at higher latitudes solar energy is more -?-.
SPRING SCALE What instrument (tool) can a scientist use to measure weight?
STORE ENERGY Lipids are best used to -?- in living things.
STRONGACID A pH value of 2 would indicate a -?-
SUBSTRATES The -?- are the reactants of an enzyme caused reaction.
SULFURDIOXIDE What chemical comes from industry smoke stacks (burning coal) and contributes to the problem of acid rain? ch-6
SURFACE Hydrogen bonds are responsible for the cohesion of water molecules that create -?- tension.
SUSPENSION What type of mixture would cloudy substances like blood, and milk be?
SUSTAINABLE A high birth rate and low death rate is not -?-.
TEM What type of microscope shines electrons through a thin specimen?
TEMPERATE FOREST What type of biome does Germany have?
TEMPERATURE A climate chart shows the -?- and the rainfall for each month.
TEMPERATURE What was the manipulated variable in the experiment on page 27?
TEN What is the pH of soap?
TESTED The answers given by scientists are not accepted until they are -?- by experiments over and over again.
TEST HYPOTHESIS Why do scientist do experiments?
THERMOMETER What instrument (tool) can a scientist use to measure temperature?
THOUSAND Figure 3-7 (and the 10x rule) it would take 300 -?- pounds of algae to sustain a 30 pound shark?
THREE If you had a glass with 1650 million molecules of water, how many would be broken into hydrogen and hydroxide ions? pg 42
TROPICAL SAVANNA What biome is always warm and has the most rainfall in May?
TRUTH There are thousands of different Molecules. (TRUTH or FALSE)
TWELVE How many calories are in 3 grams of protein?
TWENTY There are more than -?- different amino acids used to make a proteins.
TWISTED The second level of protein structure has to do with the way the chain is -?-
TWO What would the density be of an object with the following measurements? mass is 20 grams volume is 10 cc length is 20 cm temperature is 30° C
UNIVERSITIES Where do most scientists work?
UNLIMITED In the presence of -?- resources, a population can grow exponentially.
VANDERWAALS What are the forces called that attract molecules to each other?
VOLUME What measurement is the amount of space an object takes up?
WEAKBASE A pH value of 7.4 would indicate a -?-
WEBS Food -?- are often used to illustrate who eats what because food chains are often not linear.
Created by: danagillam