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Food Chain Vocab

Food chain and related vocabulary

TermDefinition
consumer Organisms that eat other organisms for energy . there are three types - carnivore, herbivore and omnivore
decomposer Organisms that get energy by breaking down dead organisms. Bacteria and fungi are examples. “Decomposer-dead-decay”
carnivore A consumer that eats only animals(eats meat-carne)
omnivore A consumer that eats a combination of plants and animals (eats all)
herbivore A consumer that eats only plants (eats plants-“herb”)
scavenger A specialized carnivore that only eats food that is already dead and that they have not killed themselves (carrion)
carrion The meat from animals that have died
food chain Shows the flow of energy (food) and the feeding relationships between each organism
food web A pattern of overlapping food chains in an ecosystem
Primary consumer A first level consumer that eats the producer. (also known as an herbivore because of that)
Secondary consumer Consumes food from the primary consumer meaning it is a carnivore.
energy pyramid shows the amount of energy that moves from one feeding level to another in a food chain/web; the most energy is available at the producer (1st) level, and the least energy is available at the top-most consumer
trophic level Trophic levels are the levels within the food chain where an organism obtains its energy. Usually shown on an energy pyramid.
autotroph organisms that make their own food through photosynthesis - i.e.-plants!
heterotroph organisms that rely on other organisms to obtain energy through eating them.
Created by: barbzabel7