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Finance 5.03

The Fundamentals of Investing Vocabulary List

TermDefinition
Bond A form of lending to a company or the government city, state, or federal.)
Brokerage firm Facilitates the buying and selling of investments from a stock exchange.
Capital Gain Unearned income received from the sale of an asset above its purchase price
Discount brokerage firm Only completes orders to buy and sell investments.
Dividend The share of profits distributed in cash.
Financial advisor A trained professional that helps people make investing decisions
Full-service brokerage firm offer investment transactions as well as investment advice and a financial advisor
Index A group of similar stocks and bonds.
Index fund A mutual fund that was designed to reduce fees by investing in the stocks and bonds that make up an index.
Investment Assets purchased with the goal of providing additional income from the asset itself but with the risk of lost
Investment philosophy An individual's general approach to investment risk.
Investment risk the possibility that an investment will fail to pay the expected return or fail to pay a return at all.
Market price The current rice that a buyer is willing to pay.
Maturity date The specified time in the future when the principal (or initial investment) amount of the bond is repaid to the bondholder.
Mutual fund Created when a company combines the funds of many different investors and then invests that money in a diversified portfolio of investments.
Portfolio diversification reduces risk by spreading money among a wide array of investments.
Rate of return The total return on an investment expressed as a percentage of the amount of money saved.
Rent A fee charged for the use of property or land.
Return The profit or income generated by saving or investing.
Risk The chance of loss from an even that cannot be entirely controlled.
Speculative investments have the potential for significant fluctuations in return over a short period of time.
Stock A share of ownership in company.
Stockholder or Shareholder The owner of a stock.
Stock exchange An organized, central service to buy and sell stocks, bonds and other investments that are traded.
Tax-advantaged investments Reduce, defer, or adjust the current year tax liability.
Created by: Tou Xiong
 

 



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