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kwiles C-10

DNA

QuestionAnswer
DNA is an abreviation for what molecule? deoxyribonucleic acid
mRNA is an abreviation for what molecule? messenger ribonucleic acid
tRNA is an abreviation for what molecule? transfer ribonucleic acid
rRNA is an abreviation for what molecule? ribosomal ribonucleic acid
ATP is an abreviation for what molecule? adenosine triphosphate
What cellular organelle manufactures ATP? mitochondrion
DNA replication is? The copying of DNA before the cell divides
Adenine pairs with what base in DNA Thyamine
Cytociene pairs with what base in DNA Guanine
mRNA is responsible of copying the genetic code of DNA in the nucleus in a process called? transcription
tRNA interperets the genetic message in a process called? translation
A group of three bases on mRNA is called? a codon
A group of three bases on tRNA is called? an anticodon
If one strand of DNA base pairs reads: ATGAAGGCTATTTACCT. The other strand will read? TACTTCCGATAAATGGA
The general, " twisted ladder" structure of DNA is referred to as a? double helix
How many strands nucleotides is DNA made from? two
How many strands of nucleotides is RNA made from? one
What base is replaced by uricil in RNA? thyamine
In it's uncoiled form, just prior being copied, long strands of the DNA molecule are referred to as what in the nucleus? chromatin
After DNA is replicated, just prior to cell division the DNA coils into structures called? chromosomes
The following is a list of codons on mRNA:AUU GGC AAC CCA UUG AUG. List the anticodons in tRNA that are used to translate the codon message. UAC
Where in the cell does translation take place? In the cytoplasm on a ribosome
Proteins are made from what molecules? Amino Acids
Where in the cell does transcription take place? Inside the nucleus
Where in the cell does replication take place? Inside the nucleus
What is the error rate in the replication process? 1 in 10,000
The enzyme responsible for unwinding DNA during the replication process is? Helicase
The enzyme responsible for copying severed strands of DNA during the replication process is? DNA polymerase
Who is credited with the discovery of the structure of DNA? Watson and Crick
If one side of DNA reads ATTTGGCCGAT, the complimentary strand will read what? TAAACCGGCTA
mRNA reads AUGUUGGCCAA, the segment of cDNA then would be ? TACAACCGGUU
If a strand of DNA reads ATTTGGCCTAGA then the tRNA anticodons would read AUU,UGG,CCU,ACU
Proteins are made from what molecules? amino acids
Protien synthesis happens where in the cell? on ribosomes
A set of three bases on mRNA is called a ? codon
A set of three bases on tRNA is called a? anticodon
tRNA reads the message transcribed on mRNA by called ? translation
tRNA will not read mRNA code until it recognizes a codon called a what? start codon
tRNA will continue reading mRNA codons until a codon called _________ is encountered? stop codon.
If a strand of DNA contains 30 percent Adenine, what is the percentage content of the other bases? 30% thymine, 20% cytocine, 20% guanine
Created by: kwiles