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Biochemistry

Biochemistry Vocabulary Review

TermDefinition
Organic Compounds Compounds having both (ambos) carbon and hydrogen.
Enzymes Protein molecules that control the rate of chemical reaction.
Macromolecules Large molecules like proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids
Carbohydrates Main source of energy of organisms and have a 2:1 ratio of hydrogen to oxygen.
Hydrolysis Breaking down large molecules into smaller ones by adding water.
Inorganic Compounds Compounds that does not both carbon and hydrogen.
Proteins Large molecules responsible for building and repairing body tissue.
Nucleotides buildings of nucleic acids
Dehydration Synthesis Making large molecules from simpler ones by removing water.
Catalyst Substance that speeds up the rate/speed of a chemical reaction with changing itself.
pH scale measures whether a solution is acid, neutral or base.
Monosaccharides Simple sugars
Dehyration Removal of water
Ase Word ending for enzyme
Polysaccharide Complex carbohydrate made from a long chain of glucose bonded together
Synthesis Putting together
Glucose Chemical energy made my green plants and algae during the process of photosynthesis.
Ose Word ending for sugar
Nucleic Acids Polymer found in every cell and stores hereditary information. There are two examples; DNA and RNA.
Fatty acids and glycerol Building blocks of lipids.
Peptide bond The bond between two amino acids
Compounds Two or more elements chemically combined.
polymer Large molecules made up of smaller ones
Element Substance made up of one kind of atom like carbon and hydrogen.
Nitrogenous base Molecule having nitrogen and chemical properties of a base.
Peptide Short chain of amino acids.
Amino acids Building blocks of proteins
Created by: molti