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Study Guide 1

Science

QuestionAnswer
If the theory of spontaneous generation were true, it might be possible for... Life to spring from nonliving matter
An organism that does not ingest food is... A Producer
The process by which living things take in oxygen and use it to help produce energy is called... Respiration
An action of an organism due to a change in its surroundings is called a(n)... Response
A type of reproduction that requires two parents is called... Sexual Reproduction
All living things get energy either directly or indirectly from... The Sun
A substance that makes up a large part of your body and helps transport materials within it is... Blood
Animals whose body temperatures change with changes in the temperature of their environment are called... Cold Blooded
Which of the following is not a basic need of all living things? >Food >Carbon Dioxide >Water >Living Space Carbon Dioxide
All the chemical activities in an organism are called... Metabolism
Organic compounds contain the element... Carbon
The main source of energy for the human body is... Carbohydrates
Which of the following are living things not able to do? >Live In Outer Space >Grow >Reproduce >Preform Complex Chemical Activities Live In Outer Space
In order to live, all plants and animals need... Energy
The process by which food is broken down into simpler substances is... Digestion
A signal that causes an organism to react is known as... Stimuli
A special type of protein that controls chemical activity in the body is a(n)... Enzyme
In organisms, oxygen combines with the products of digestion to produce... Energy
A nucleic acid that "carries" instructions on how to build protein is... DNA
The idea that life could spring from nonliving matter is known as... Spontaneous Generation
True Or False "Proteins are broken down inside the body into a sugar called glucose." True
True Or False "Characteristics of all living things are movement, growth, reproduction, response, and metabolism." True
True Or False "The building blocks of fats are amino acids." False
True Or False "Secretion is the removal of waste products from an organism." False
True Or False "The ringing of an alarm clock in the morning is an example of a stimulus." True
True Or False "Unicellular organisms contain many cells." False
True Or False "Francesco Redi proved that the theory of spontaneous generation was true." False
True Or False "Non-Living things need energy to survive." False
True Or False "Only living things are made up of carbon." False
True Or False "An animal needs living space to survive." True
All the chemical activities within living things are called its... Metabolism
An organism's _____ is the greatest length of time that it can be expected to live. Life Span
Compounds that always contain the element carbon are called _____ compounds. Organic
A(n) ____ is a substance that cannot be broken down into any other kinds of substances. Element
The theory that states that life can spring from nonliving matter is called _____ generation. Spontaneous
Green plants produce food in a process called ____. Photosynthasis
Two or more elements combined chemically form a(n) ____. Compound
Plants obtain their energy from the ____. Sun
Animals that maintain a constant body temperature are called ____ animals. Warm Blooded
The nucleic acid that stores the information needed to build proteins is ____. DNA
Describe an activity that we did during this chapter and determine what Mr. Borushko was trying to help you learn by doing the activity.
Compare and contrast sexual and asexual reproduction.
Contrast elements and compounds. Give examples of each.
Contrast elements and compounds. Give examples of each.
Why should you place a thermometer in a fish tank (fish are cold blooded). You should place a thermometer in a fish tank because if the water gets to cold or hot the fish will die because it is cold blooded its body temperature will stay the same as the water.
Explain how humans indirectly get energy from the sun. Humans get energy from the sun by eating plants or animals who have directly and indirectly gotten energy from the sun.
Created by: GabeB