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Pharm Quiz 5

Pharmacology quiz 5 and Ethics Quiz 4

QuestionAnswer
name the six central values of dentistry in order 1 patient's life and general health 2 patients oral health 3 patient's autonomy 4 dentist preferred pattern of practice 5 aesthetic values 6 efficiency in the use of resources
what is a melatonin receptor agonist? zolpidem
what is associated with unpleasant taste? eszopiclone
what facilitate GABA mediated transmission? benzodiazepines
what does the combination of benzodiazepines and GABA increase? the frequency of the chloride channel opening
what do benzodiazepines cause at low doses? anxiety reduction
what do benzodiazepines cause at high doses production of sleep
what can be used in the treatment of benzodiazepine overdose? flumazenil
repeated doses of benzodiazepines can... decrease REM sleep
what few cases have been reported with the use of benzodiazepines? transient tachycardia
what condition can benzodiazepines be used in (eyes) wide angle glaucoma
floppy infant syndrome is characterized by all the following hypotonia, hypoactivity, apnea and feeding problems
if you use benzodiazepine during the first trimester of pregnancy, it may increase the incidence of... cleft lip and cleft palate
what are the dental effects of benzodiazepines? xerostomia, increased salivation, swollen tongue and bitter metallic taste
what can be used in the treatment of epilepsy? long acting barbiturates
what does chronic long term use of barbiturates look like? alcohol intoxication
the mechanism of action for barbiturates is (more/less) specific than that of benzodiazepines? less specific
what has a disagreeable odor and taste but is orally effective chloral hydrate
what can be used to treat trigeminal neuralgia? baclofen
what is nystagmus fast, uncontrollable rolling of the eye
what do the use of benzodiazepines increase the effect of phenytoning, digoxin and probenecid
what drug has an onset of action of one week, does not affect driving skills and has no withdrawal syndrome? buspirone
what are 4 reasons we combine analgesic-sedative drugs? pain control and sedation needed for same patient sedatives potentiate the activity of analgesics sedatives can create excitation in uncontrolled pain anxiety can lower the pain threshold
what are some non pharmacologic ways to manage sleep disorders get out of bed if you can't sleep after 30 minutes drink a warm glass of milk before bed avoid caffeine before bed do not smoke 8 hrs before bed do not take naps during the daytime have a regular sleep schedule, get up early (6 am)
what are 2 cautions when dental patients use anti anxiety drugs make sure patient has ride to and from the appointment sign all important informed consent papers before administering the drug alcohol and opiod use may increaser the effect
benzodiazepines are well absorbed by the... oral route
benzodiazepines are sometimes referred to as... minor tranquilizers
what occurs when the drug is taken after the injection is given anterograde amnesia
what are two drugs in FDA pregnancy category X triazolam and temezepam
what are the visual affects of benzodiazepines? can produce diplopia, nystagmus and blurred vision
what may increase the sedative effects of benzodiazepines? valproic acid
what is a contraindication of the use of barbiturates? positive family history of porphyria
when can chloral hydrate be used? preoperative sedation of pediatric dental patients
benzodiazepines facilitate... GABA mediated transmission
benzodiazepines have anticonvulsant effects, they.... increase the seizure threshold
what refers to amnesia beginning when the drug is taken (occurs after the injection) anterograde amnesia
what is one use of long acting barbiturates? insomnia treatment
when must Zolpidem be taken? before bed
what can small doses of sedative hypnotics cause reduction of activity and simple anxiety
Buspar or buspirone does not affect what? driving skills
the combination of benzodiazepines and GABA does what... increases the frequency of the Cl channel opening
what does REM stand for rapid eye movement
what drugs are associated with anterograde amnesia? diazepam and midazolam
what are the depressants that cause additive effects with benzodiazepines alcohol, barbiturates, anticonvulsants and phenothizaines
which drug is used as a preoperative sedative for pediatric dental patients and has disagreeable odor and taste chloral hydrate
benzodiazepines are also known as minor tranquilizers
what are the visual side effects of benzodiazepines diplopia, nystagmus
what are some dental effects of benzodiazepines xerostomia, metallic taste, swollen tongue, increased salivation
can benzodiazepines be used in the treatment of muscle spasms as in multiple sclerosis or cerebral palsy? YES
what can cause acute poisoning when taken 15 times the hypnotic dose? barbiturates
Dantrolene is used orally to prevent and IV to treat malignant hyperthermia brought on by inhaling general anesthetics (TRUE OR FALSE) TRUE
repeated doses of benzodiazepines can reduce what kind of sleep REM
benzodiazepines are contra indicated in what kind of eye condition narrow angle glaucoma
most benzodiazepines are in FDA category... D
what are the uses of benzodiazepines? dental anxiety, insomnia, epileptic seizures
what were the original sedative hypnotic called/ barbiturates
parallax may discolor the urine... purple
what is a barbiturate that is used for the treatment of epilepsy? phenobarbitol
smoking decreases the effectiveness of... benzodiazepines
which centrally acting muscle relaxants is considered to be the strongest? flexeril
a sedative does... relaxes
a hypnotic does.. maintains sleep
buspirone does not produce... withdrawal symptoms, affect driving skills, does not produce tolerance or dependence
what are major tranquilizers known for... antipsychotic activity
what are the parenteral benzodiazepines that can be used prior to dental treatment? dizepam, midazolam, lorazepam
what does GABA stand for? gamma amino butyric acid
what has the longest half life as well as the side effect of dysgeusia? eszopicline
what is a contraindication of the use of barbiturates? intermittent porphyria
what is latency? the time it takes to get to sleep
Created by: Chobchi