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Ecology

junior cert science

QuestionAnswer
Ecology The study of the relationships between plants , animals and the environment
Ecosystem all the plants and animals in an area interacting with each other and their environment
Habitat area where a plant or animal lives
producers plants that make their own food
Consumers animals that get their food by eating other plants or animals
Herbivore an animal that eats plants only
carnivore animal that eats other animals only
omnivore animal that eats both plants and animals
Decomposers organisms that feed on dead plants and animals
Food chain list of organisms in which each organism is eaten by the next one in the chain
Adaptation the way that living things change in order to survive in the ecosystem
Competition takes place when two or more organisms require something that is in short supply
food web two or more interconnected food chains
interdependence living things depend on each other in order to survive
abiotic factors non living factors in an ecosystem like light and temperature
Quadrat used to estimate the occurrence of plants and animals in an ecosystem
pooter used to catch insects
pitfall trap used to catch crawling animals such as snails and slugs
a line transect a string marked off at regular intervals and laid out across the habitat to estimate the number of plants present
conservation the wise management of natural resources to prevent living things becoming extinct
pollutioin the addition of unwanted materials to the environment
An animal which is conserved A Bat
Compost made by micro-organisms when they decompose organic matter
Name two types of micro-organism Bacteria and fungi
Vermicomposting is making compost using worms
Incineration is a term used to describe burning substances at high temperatures
What are the 3 R's Reduce, Reuse and recycle
When nutrients get into water which plant grows Algae
When a lot of algae grows in water this is called an algal bloom
When the algae die bacteria use oxygen from the water to decompose them. what problem does this cause the fish die as there is no oxygen
Created by: PDervin