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apologia biology #4

vocabulary for module 4 apologia biology

Extracellular digestion Digestion that takes place outside of the cell.
Mycelium The part of the fungus responsible for extracellular digestion and absorption of the digested food.
Hypha A filament of fungal cells.
Rhizoid hypha A hypha that is imbedded in the material on which the fungus grows.
Aerial hypha A hypha that is not imbedded in the material upon which the fungus grows.
Sporophore Specialized aerial hypha that produces spores.
Stolon An aerial hypha that asexually reproduces to make more filaments.
Haustorium a hypha of a parasitic fungus that enters the host's cells, absorbing nutrition directly from the cytoplasm.
Chitin a chemical that provides both toughness and flexability.
Membrane a thin covering of tissue.
Fermentation the anaerobic breakdown of sugars into smaller molecules.
Zygospore A zygote surrounded by a hard, protective covering.
Zygote the result of sexual reproduction when each parent contributes half of the DNA necessary for the offspring.
Antibiotic a chemical secreted by a living organism that kills or reduces the reproduction rate of other organisms.
Created by: fredward