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Chapter 5 Vocabulary

Vocabulary from Chapter 5 of Colloquial Hungarian

QuestionAnswer
áll stands
asszonyom (here, ) madam
autó car
azonnal immediately, right away
Ferihegy en at Ferihegy (Budapest airport)
fog holds, catches, grabs
Haló, (tessék)! Hello
itthagy leaves there
késés being late, delay
kocsi car
körút boulevard
küld sends
megy goes
perc minute
rohan rushes
Szabó lakás Szabo residence
Szabó névre for the name, Szabo
szerel fixes, repairs
szervizben at the service / repair station
telefonszám telephone number
út street, avenue
utca small street
Viszonthallásra! Goodbye
amikor when
bejárat entrance
beszáll gets in, boards
érkezik arrives
fizet pays
fuvar ride
hova where to?
ime! Here! Voila!
lát to see
Majd máskor! Some other time!
meglepetés surprise
micsoda what a...?
mutat shows
New Yorkból from New York
nos well
rendőr policeman
reptér, repülőtér airport
semmi nothing
szabad free, available, unoccupied
számla receipt, bill
óra taxi meter
taxisofőr taxi driver
Ugyan! Come on! (informal)
vár to wait
vezet to drive
visszajáró change
Mikor érkezik a gép? When does the plane arrive?
Tessék beszállni! Please get in!
A reptérre, legyen szíves! To the airport, please!
Haló, jó napot, Főtaxi kívánok Hello, good afternoon, I would like Főtaxi
Itt vagyok a szervízben. I am here at the service station.
Szabó névre? Is your name Szabo?
Hol vagy? Where are you?
Hova kéri a fuvart? Where does the ride call for?
Köszönöm szépen. Viszontlátásra! Thank you very much. Goodbye (formal)!
kakukktojas odd man out
taxióra taxi meter
Note when to use the Definite Conjugation (-t accusative ending) Use this when the subject contains a definite object.
Note when to use the Indefinite Conjugation Use this when there is no direct object or if the direct object is not definite
First Way To Determine If An Object Is Definite (aka whether or not to add the -t accusative ending) It is preceded by a definite article. ex: Kérem a számlat. I would like the bill.
Second Way To Determine If An Object Is Definite (aka whether or not to add the -t accusative ending) It is modified by or consists solely of the demonstrative pronouns (ez / az): ex: Ezt kérem. : I would like this (one). ex: Látod azt a kocsit? : Do you see that car?
Third Way To Determine If An Object Is Definite (aka whether or not to add the -t accusative ending) It is a proper noun ex: Szeretem Zsuzsát. : I love Zsuzsa ex: Jól ismerjük Budapestet. : We know Budapest well.
Fourth Way To Determine If An Object Is Definite (aka whether or not to add the -t accusative ending) It has a possessive ending ex: Kérem a telefonszámodat. : I would like your telephone number.
Fifth Way To Determine If An Object Is Definite (aka whether or not to add the -t accusative ending) It is a third person pronoun: ex: Latom (őt / őket / magát / magukat / önt / önöket) : I see him / her / it / them / you
Sixth Way To Determine If An Object Is Definite (aka whether or not to add the -t accusative ending) It is the reciprocal pronoun, egymás 'each other': ex: Látják egymást. : They say each other.
Seventh Way To Determine If An Object Is Definite (aka whether or not to add the -t accusative ending) It is the modifier, melyik, or is PROCEEDED by melyik ('what'): ex: Melyiket kéred? : Which one would you like? ex: Melyik könyvet kéred? : Which book would you like?
Eighth Way To Determine If An Object Is Definite (aka whether or not to add the -t accusative ending) When the verb in the main clause are used to introduce a subordinate hogy clause ex: Azt látod, hogy ott van a gép? : Do you see that the plane is there? ex: Azt Tudja, hogy mikor érkezik a gép? : Does she know when the plane will land?
Vowel Harmony: Back Rounded Vowels én: -om, te: -od, ő/maga/ön: -ja, mi: -juk, ti: -játok, ők/maguk/önök: -ják
Vowel Harmony: Back Unrounded Vowels én: -em, te: -ed, ő/maga/ön: -i, mi: -juk, ti: -játok, ők/maguk/önök: -ják
Vowel Harmony: Front Rounded Vowels én: -om, te: -od, ő/maga/ön: -i, mi: -jük, ti: -itek, ők/maguk/önök: -ik
Vowel Harmony: Front Unrounded Vowels én: -öm, te: -öd, ő/maga/ön: -i, mi: -jük, ti: -itek, ők/maguk/önök: -ik
Note about front or high vowel containing words They obtain front vowel suffixes
kézbe into the hand
karba into the arm
Back Vowels Vowels that have a deeper note and are made using the BACK of the mouth
Front Vowels Vowels that are higher-pitched and created at the front of the mouth
Back Vowels: Open a á
Back Vowels: Middle o ó
Back Vowels: Closed u ú
Front Vowels: Unrounded (neutral) Middle e é
Front Vowels: Unrounded (neutral) Closed i í
Front Vowels: Rounded Middle ö ő
Front Vowels: Rounded Closed ü ű
Note about conjugation for words that end in -j endings The back vowel variants (ő, mi, ti, and ők) undergo changes
s + j = ? ss
sz + j = ? ssz
z + j = ? zz
dz + j = ? ddz
olvas + ja olvassa
vesz + jük vesszük
hoz + játok hozzátok
Még szerelik a kocsit. They are still repairing the car.
Itthagyom az autót. I am leaving the car here.
Köszönöm Thank you.
Látod már a bejáratot? Do you see the entrance?
Tamás két szalámit kéri Thomas wants two salamis.
én itthagyom a pénzt. I am leaving the money here.
Te mikor veszed kenyeret? When are you buying bread?
Ti mit csinaljátok? What are you all doing?
Nagyon szeretjük Londont! We really love London!
Te kit kéred. Who do you want?
Kérem az utaslistat. I want the passenger list.
Látod ezt a számlát? Do you see the receipt?
Szeretjük az olasz szalámit. We like the Italian salami.
Nagyon szeritek Londont? Do you really like London?
Nem látom a táskát. I don't see the bag.
ők tudik hogy mikor érkezik a gép? Do they know when the plane departs?
Itt veszjük cseresznyét. We buy cherries here.
A német újságokat olvassa. He reads the German newspaper.
Még szerelik a kocsit. They are still repairing the car.
Kit nézed? Who are you looking at?
számla receipt
taxiállomas taxi stand
Szabad a kocsi? Is the car available? (Question to a taxi driver)
Szabad az autó?: Is the car available (Questino to a taxi driver)
Mennyi? How much?
Mennyibe kerül? How much does it cost?
Mennyi lesz? How much would it be?
Mennyi lesz a fuvar? How much will the ride be?
Mennyibe kerül a fuvar? How much will the ride cost?
Mibe kerül a fuvar? How much will the ride cost?
borravaló tip
Tessék, itt van ötezer. Háromezer-nyolcszázból, legyen szíves. Here you are, here is 5,000 forints. From 3,400 please.
Created by: SamB91